Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 198, Issue 10, pp 973–986 | Cite as

Proposal of fifteen new species of Parasynechococcus based on genomic, physiological and ecological features

  • F. H. Coutinho
  • B. E. Dutilh
  • C. C. Thompson
  • F. L. Thompson
Original Paper


Members of the recently proposed genus Parasynechococcus (Cyanobacteria) are extremely abundant throughout the global ocean and contribute significantly to global primary productivity. However, the taxonomy of these organisms remains poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to propose a new taxonomic framework for Parasynechococcus based on a genomic taxonomy approach that incorporates genomic, physiological and ecological data. Through in silico DNA–DNA hybridization, average amino acid identity, dinucleotide signatures and phylogenetic reconstruction, a total of 15 species of Parasynechococcus could be delineated. Each species was then described on the basis of their gene content, light and nutrient utilization strategies, geographical distribution patterns throughout the oceans and response to environmental parameters.


Parasynechococcus Genomic taxonomy Cyanobacteria Pan-genome 



The authors thank CNPq, CAPES and FAPERJ for support.

Supplementary material

203_2016_1256_MOESM1_ESM.svg (1.5 mb)
Figure S1 Heatmap displaying the relative abundance of 15 Parasynechococcus species across 191 Tara Oceans metagenomes (SVG 1531 kb)
203_2016_1256_MOESM2_ESM.tsv (2 kb)
Table S1 Dinucleotide signature distances and in silico DNA–DNA hybridization values for the 15 Parasynechococcus genomes (TSV 3 kb)
203_2016_1256_MOESM3_ESM.tsv (439 kb)
Table S2 List of orthologous groups shared by at least two of the 15 Parasynechococcus genomes. Obtained from (Coutinho et al. 2016) (TSV 440 kb)
203_2016_1256_MOESM4_ESM.tsv (450 kb)
Table S3 List of orthologous groups that are exclusive to a single of the 15 Parasynechococcus genomes. Obtained from (Coutinho et al. 2016) (TSV 451 kb)
203_2016_1256_MOESM5_ESM.tsv (1 kb)
Table S4 Spearman correlation scores and associated p values between sample positioning along PC1 and PC2 and measured environmental parameters (TSV 2 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Biologia (IB)Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Centre for Molecular and Biomolecular Informatics (CMBI), Radboud Institute for Molecular Life SciencesRadboud University Medical CentreNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Theoretical Biology and BioinformaticsUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.COPPE, SAGEUniversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  5. 5.CCS, IB, BIOMAR, Laboratório de MicrobiologiaCidade UniversitáriaRio de JaneiroBrazil

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