Electrical Engineering

, Volume 100, Issue 2, pp 1047–1058 | Cite as

Adaptation of PI controller used with combination of perturbation and observation method and feedback method for DFIG

  • Basem E. Elnaghi
  • Fathy A. Elkader
  • Mohamed M. Ismail
  • Ahmed E. Kalas
Original Paper


Due to the growing of electrical energy demand, wind energy is receiving much interest all over the world. This paper presents a new technique using fuzzy genetic algorithm, and ANFIS of the Optimization PI controller systems using different artificial Intelligent techniques is also included in this paper. The model using P&Q method and FB method is implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK. Simulation results show the feasibility and robustness of the new proposed techniques.


Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) DFIG ANFIGS P&Q method PI Fuzzy GA and PSO 

List of symbols

\(\rho \)

Derivative symbol


Stator voltages in DQ axis reference frame


Rotor voltages in DQ axis reference frame


Stator currents in DQ axis reference frame

\(i_{\mathrm{dr}},i_{\mathrm{qr}} \)

Rotor currents in DQ axis reference frame

\(\phi _{\mathrm{ds}},\phi _{\mathrm{qs}}\)

Stator flux linkages in DQ axis reference frame

\(\phi _{\mathrm{dr}},\phi _{\mathrm{qr}}\)

Rotor flux linkages in DQ axis reference frame

\(\alpha ,\beta \)

Alpha and beta axis reference frame symbol

\(P_{\mathrm{s}},Q_{\mathrm{s}} \)

Stator active, reactive power

\(P_{\mathrm{r}},Q_{\mathrm{r}} \)

Rotor active, reactive power

\(R_{\mathrm{s}},R_{\mathrm{r}} \)

Stator and rotor resistance per phase

\(\omega _{e},\omega _{r}\)

Supply and rotor flux angle


Stator and rotor inductance


Stator, rotor leakage inductance, and magnetizing



Electromagnetic torque


Number of poles


DC-link voltage


Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basem E. Elnaghi
    • 1
  • Fathy A. Elkader
    • 2
  • Mohamed M. Ismail
    • 3
  • Ahmed E. Kalas
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringMenoufia UniversityAl MinufyaEgypt
  3. 3.Faculty of EngineeringHelwan UniversityHelwanEgypt
  4. 4.Faculty of EngineeringPort Said UniversityPort SaidEgypt

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