Advertisement

Electrical Engineering

, Volume 100, Issue 2, pp 935–951 | Cite as

A comprehensive comparison of STATCOM versus SVC-based fuzzy controller for stability improvement of wind farm connected to multi-machine power system

  • M. G. Hemeida
  • Hegazy Rezk
  • Mohamed M. Hamada
Original Paper

Abstract

Stabilization of wind farm (WF) is considered one of the major serious issues for developing power systems based on renewable energy sources. A comparison of dynamic performances for FACTS devices like STATCOM and SVC is presented in this paper. Such devices are employed to stabilize WF integrated with multi-machine power system (WFMPS). Fuzzy logic controller (FLC) has been employed for controlling FACTS devices to enhance WFMPS performance under different abnormal conditions. Three-phase to ground short circuit fault has been taken into consideration in different locations of system. MATLAB/Simulink is used to perform the modeling and simulation of WFMPS. The obtained results demonstrate the effect of both SVC- and STATCOM-based FLC on damping the system oscillations and improving the system dynamic performance in the post-fault duration. The comparison confirms superior dynamic performance and fast fault recovery of STATCOM-based FLC through different fault conditions compared with SVC-based FLC.

Keywords

Wind energy system STATCOM SVC and fuzzy logic control 

References

  1. 1.
    Mohamed A, Eltamaly MAM, Abdulrahman I Alolah (2015) Sizing and techno-economic analysis of stand-alone hybrid photovoltaic/wind/diesel/battery power generation systems. J Renew Sustain Energy 7(6):063128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mohamed AM, Eltamaly AM, Alolah AI (2016) PSO-based smart grid application for sizing and optimization of hybrid renewable energy systems. PloS one 11(8):e0159702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Laouer M, Mekkaoui A, Younes M (2014) STATCOM and capacitor banks in a fixed-speed wind farm. Energy Procedia 50:882–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yufei T et al (2014) Reactive power control of grid-connected wind farm based on adaptive dynamic programming. Neuro Comput 125:125–133Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Olamaei J et al (2012) Advanced control of FACTS devices for improving power quality regarding to wind warms. Energy Procedia 14:298–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kamarposhti M, Alinezhad M (2010) Comparison of SVC and STATCOM in static voltage stability margin enhancement. Int J Electr Electron Eng 4(5):323–328Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yao XU, LI F (2014) Adaptive PI control of STATCOM for voltage regulation. IEEE Trans Power Deliv 29(3):1002–1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li H, Zhao B, Yang C, Chen HW, Chen Z (2011) Analysis and estimation of transient stability for a grid-connected wind turbine with induction generator. Renew Energy 36:1469–1476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Le Cuong D, Bollen Math HJ (2010) Ride-through of induction generator based wind park with switched capacitor, SVC, or STATCOM, IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, pp. 1–7Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Marta M, Suul J, Tore U (2008) Low voltage ride through of wind farms with cage generators: STATCOM versus SVC. IEEE Trans Power Electron 23(3):1104–1117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stiebler M (2012) PM synchronous generator with diode rectifier for wind systems using FACTS compensators. In: International symposium on power electronics, electrical drives, automation and motion (SPEEDAM), pp 1295–1300Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wessels C et al (2013) StatCom control at wind farms with fixed-speed induction generators under asymmetrical grid faults. Ind Electron IEEE Trans 60(7):2864–2873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Akshaya M, Varma RK, Ravi S (2014) SSR Alleviation by STATCOM in induction-generator-based wind farm connected to series compensated line. Sustain Energy IEEE Trans 5(3):947–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Qi L, Langston J, Steurer M (2008) Applying a STATCOM for stability improvement to an existing wind farm with fixed-speed induction generators. Power and Energy Society General Meeting—Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy, 21st Century, IEEE, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jahangir H et. al, (2009) Robust STATCOM control for the enhancement of fault ride-through capability of fixed speed wind generators. Control Applications, (CCA) & Intelligent Control, (ISIC), IEEE, pp 1505–1510Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kachroo R, Dalvi HS (2012) Study of various types of faults with neuro fuzzy controlled SSSC and STATCOM in stabilization of grid connected wind generator. In: Fifth international conference on emerging trends in engineering and technology (ICETET), pp 202–206Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tian G, Wang S, Liu G (2010) Power quality and transient stability improvement of wind farm with fixed-speed induction generators using a STATCOM. In: International conference on power system technology (POWERCON), pp 1–6Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Okedu KE (2010) A study of wind farm stabilization using DFIG or STATCOM considering grid requirements. J Eng Sci Technol 3(1):200–209Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Saxena N, Kumar A (2016) Reactive power control in decentralized hybrid power system with STATCOM using GA, ANN and ANFIS methods. Electr Power Energy Syst 83:175–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Laouera M, Mekkaouia A, Younesb M (2014) STATCOM and capacitor banks in a fixed-speed wind farm. Energy Procedia 50:882–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ahsan S, Siddiqui AS (2016) Dynamic compensation of real and reactive power in wind farms using STATCOM. Perspect Sci 8:519–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Das P et al. A Comparative Study in Improvement of Voltage Security in A Multi-Bus Power System Using STATCOM and SVC. 978-1-4673-0136-7/11/$26.00 \(\copyright \)2011 IEEEGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rostami M, Soleymani S, Mozafari B (2012) Improve the voltage profile of grid connected induction generator under load variation and symmetrical short circuit in the presence of SVC and STATCOM. In: Proceedings of 17th conference on electrical power distribution networks (EPDC), Tehran, Iran, 2–3 May 2012Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cakir G, Radman G (2013) Placement and performance analysis of STATCOM and SVC for damping oscillation. In: 3rd international conference on electric power and energy conversion systems, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey, October 2–4Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pereira R et al (2014) Comparative study of STATCOM and SVC performance on dynamic voltage collapse of an electric power system with wind generation. IEEE Latin America Trans 12(2):138–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Abd-Elazim SM, Ali ES (2016) Optimal location of STATCOM in multimachine power system for increasing loadability by Cuckoo Search algorithm. Electr Power Energy Syst 80:240–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Abd-Elazim SM, Ali ES (2016) Imperialist competitive algorithm for optimal STATCOM design in a multimachine power system. Electr Power Energy Syst 76:136–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang Li, Truong D-N (2013) Stability enhancement of DFIG-based offshore wind farm fed to a multi-machine system using a STATCOM. IEEE Trans Power Syst 28(3):2882–2889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mohanty KB, Pati S (2016) Fuzzy logic controller based STATCOM for voltage profile improvement in a micro-grid. In: Annual IEEE conference in systems (SysCon), pp 1–6Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mondal D, Chakrabarti A, Sengupta A (2010) Selection of optimum location of power system stabilizer in a multimachine power system. J Electr Electron Eng Res 2(1):1–13Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tang Y, Ju P, He H, Qin C, Wu F (2013) Optimized control of DFIG-based wind generation using sensitivity analysis and particle swarm optimization. IEEE Trans Smart Grid 4(1):509–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Narimani M, Rajiv K (2010) Application of static var compensator (SVC) with fuzzy controller for grid integration of wind farm. In: 23rd Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE). IEEE, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bai Y, Wang D (2006) Fundamentals of fuzzy logic control–fuzzy sets, fuzzy rules and defuzzifications. Advanced fuzzy logic technologies in industrial applications. Springer, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Shi J, Kalam A, Shi P (2015) Improving power quality and stability of wind energy conversion system with fuzzy-controlled STATCOM. Aust J Electr Electron Eng 12(3):183–193Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hasan N, Farooq S (2012) Dynamic performance analysis of DFIG based wind farm STATCOM and SVC. Int J Emerg Technol Adv Eng (IJETA) 2(7):461–469Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Nadarajah M et al (2003) Comparison of PSS, SVC, and STATCOM controllers for damping power system oscillations. Power Syst IEEE Trans 18(2):786–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Lo KL, KHAN L (2000) Fuzzy logic based SVC for power system transient stability enhancement. In: International conference on electric utility deregulation and restructuring and power technologies, Proceedings. DRPT. IEEE, pp 453–458Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sreekanth N, Pavan Kumar Reddy N (2012) PI & Fuzzy logic based controllers STATCOM for grid connected wind generator. Int J Eng Res Appl (IJERA) 2(5):617–623Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Laouer M, Mekkaoui A, Younes M (2014) STATCOM and capacitor banks in a fixed-speed wind farm. Energy Procedia 50:882–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Obulesu D, Kodad SF, Sankar Ram BV (2009) Novel development of a fuzzy control scheme with Upfc’s for damping of oscillations in multi-machine power systems. Int J Rev Comput 1:25–40Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Noueldeen O, Rihan M, Hasanin B (2011) Stability improvement of fixed speed induction generator wind farm using STATCOM during different fault locations and durations. Ain Shams Eng J 2(1):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Hemeida
    • 1
  • Hegazy Rezk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohamed M. Hamada
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringMinia UniversityMinyaEgypt
  2. 2.College of Engineering at Wadi AldawaserPrince Sattam bin Abdulaziz UniversityWadi AldawaserSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations