Electrical Engineering

, Volume 100, Issue 2, pp 357–374 | Cite as

Sensorless speed control of five-phase PMSM drives with low current distortion

Original Paper
  • 125 Downloads

Abstract

This paper introduces a design of a sensorless control of a five-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor drive working at low and zero speeds with low current distortion. The rotor position is obtained through tracking the saturation saliency. The saliency position is tracked through measuring the dynamic current response of the motor line currents due to the insulated-gate bipolar transistor switching actions. It uses the fundamental pulse width modulation (PWM) waveform obtained using the multi-phase space vector pulse width modulation only. The saliency tracking algorithm used in this paper does not only improve the quality of the estimated position signals but also guarantees a minimum current distortion. It reduces the modifications introduced on the PWM waveform. Simulation results are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed design over a wide speed range under different load conditions.

Keywords

Sensorless Five-phase motor Multi-dimension SVPWM THD 

References

  1. 1.
    Villani M, Tursini M, Fabri G, Castellini L (2010) Multi-phase fault tolerant drives for aircraft applications. In: IEEE, electrical systems for aircraft, railway and ship propulsion conference (ESARS), Bologna, Italy. IEEE, New York, 19–21 Oct 2010Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Qingguo S, Xiaofeng Z, Fei Y, Chengsheng Z (2005) Research on space vector PWM of five-phase three-level inverter. In: IEEE, electrical machines and systems conference (ICEMS), Nanjing, China. IEEE, New York, 29–29 Sep 2005Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ruhe S, Toliyat HA (2002) Vector control of five-phase synchronous reluctance motor with space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) for minimum switching losses. In: IEEE, applied power electronics conference and exposition (APEC) Dallas, Texas, USA. IEEE, New York, 10–14 March 2002Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Abbas MA, Christen R, Jahns TM (1984) Six-phase voltage source inverter driven induction motor. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 20:1251–1259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhao X, Lipo TA (1995) Space vector PWM control of dual three-phase induction machine using vector space decomposition. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 31:1177–1184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Parsa L, Toliyat HA (2003) Multi-phase permanent magnet motor drives. In: IEEE, industry applications conference (IAS), Utah, USA. IEEE, New York, 12–16 Oct 2003Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu H, Toliyat HA, Pertersen LJ (2002) Five-phase induction motor drives with DSP-based control system. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 17:524–533Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kelly JW, Strangas EG, Miller JM (2003) Multiphase space vector pulse width modulation. IEEE Trans Energy Convers 18:259–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xue S, Wen X, Feng Z (2006) A novel multi-dimensional SVPWM strategy of multiphase motor drives. In: EPE 2006 power electronics and motion control conference, Portoroz, Slovenia. Brigitte Sneyers, Pleinlaan 2, Brussels, Belgium: EPE, 30 Aug–1 Sep 2006Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pengfei W, Ping Z, Fan W, Jiawei Z, Tiecai L (2014) Research on dual-plane vector control of five phase fault-tolerant permanent magnet machine. In: IEEE, transportation electrification Asia-Pacific conference (ITEC Asia-Pacific), Beijing, China. IEEE, New York, 31 Aug–3 Sep 2014Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Minghao T, Wei H, Ming CA (2014) Novel space vector modulation strategy for a five-phase flux-switching permanent magnet motor drive system. In: IEEE, electrical machines and systems conference (ICEMS), Hangzhou, China. IEEE, New York, 22–25 Oct 2014Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen K-Y (2015) Multiphase pulse-width modulation considering reference order for sinusoidal wave production. In: IEEE, industrial electronics and applications conference (ICIEA) New Zealand, Auckland. IEEE, New York, 15–17 June 2015Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    El-Barbary ZMS (2012) DSP based vector control of five-phase induction motor using Fuzzy Logic Control. Int J Power Electron Drive Syst 2(2):192–202Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Iqbal A, Moinoddin S, Rahman K (2015) Finite state predictive current and common mode voltage control of a seven-phase voltage source inverter. Int J Power Electron Drive Syst 6(3):459–476Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Olivieri C, Fabri G, Tursini M (2010) Sensorless control of five-phase brushless DC motors. In: IEEE, sensorless control for electrical drives conference (SLED), Padova, Italy. IEEE, NewYork, 9–10 July 2010Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Karampuri R, Prieto J, Barrero F, Jain S (2014) Extension of the DTC technique to multiphase induction motor drives using any odd number of phases. In: IEEE vehicle power and propulsion conference (VPPC), Coimbra, Portugal. IEEE, NewYork, 27–30 Oct 2014Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Parsa L, Toliyat HA (2007) Sensorless direct torque control of five-phase interior permanent-magnet motor drives. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 43:952–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    wubin K, Jin H, Ming K, Bingnan L (2011) Research of sensorless control for multiphase induction motor based on high frequency injection signal technique. In: IEEE, electrical machines and systems conference (ICEMS), Beijing, China. IEEE, NewYork, 20–23 Aug 2011Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Minglei G, Ogasawara S, Takemoto M (2013) An inductance estimation method for sensorless IPMSM drives based on multiphase SVPWM. In: IEEE, future energy electronics conference (IFEEC), Tainan, Taiwan. IEEE, NewYork, 3–6 Nov 2013Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schroedl M (1996) Sensorless control of AC machines at low speed and standstill based on the INFORM method. In: IEEE, industry applications conference, San Diego, USA. IEEE, New York, 6–10 Oct 1996Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Holtz J, Juliet J (2004) Sensorless acquisition of the rotor position angle of induction motors with arbitrary stator winding. In: IEEE industry applications conference, Washington, USA. IEEE, NewYork, 3–7 Oct 2004Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Qiang G, Asher GM, Sumner M, Makys P (2006) Position estimation of AC machines at all frequencies using only space vector PWM based excitation. In: IET International Conference on power electronics, machines and drives, Dublin, Ireland. Savoy Place, London, UK: IET, 4-6 April 2006Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lorenz RD, Van Patten KW (1991) High-resolution velocity estimation for all-digital, ac servo drives. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 27:701–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hua Y, Sumner M, Asher G, Gao Q, Saleh K (2011) Improved sensorless control of a permanent magnet machine using fundamental pulse width modulation excitation. IET Electr Power Appl 5(4):359–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical Engineering DepartmentAn-Najah National UniversityNablusPalestine
  2. 2.Electrical Engineering DepartmentNottingham UniversityNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations