Bone microstructure of adult patients with non-surgical hypoparathyroidism assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography

Abstract

Summary

There is limited evidence regarding changes in bone microstructure in patients with hypoparathyroidism. In the current study, we used a non-invasive technique to assess bone structure in hypoparathyroidism patients and discovered site-specific changes which were mainly influenced by age and menstrual status. Such changes were more prominent in the trabeculae as well as in non-surgical as opposed to post-surgical patients.

Introduction

Hypoparathyroidism (hypoPT) is a rare disease characterized by the lack of parathyroid hormone. There is limited evidence regarding changes in bone microstructure in patients with non-surgical hypoPT. We investigated bone microstructure of patients with non-surgical hypoPT using a non-invasive technique.

Methods

Patients with hypoPT were assessed using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) and compared to age- and sex-matched healthy controls randomly selected from a pre-existing HR-pQCT database in a cross-sectional study. Preliminary comparison between patients with different etiologies of hypoPT was performed. Associations between bone microstructure and clinical parameters were investigated using correlation and regression analyses.

Results

A total of 94 patients with non-surgical hypoPT were recruited. Patients displayed an increase in trabecular volumetric BMD of the tibia (170.57 ± 34.32 vs. 156.48 ± 40.55 mg HA/cm3, p = 0.011) and increase in trabecular number of both the radius (1.48 ± 0.29 vs. 1.36 ± 0.22 mm−1, p = 0.003) and tibia (1.42 ± 0.23 vs. 1.24 ± 0.22 mm−1, p < 0.001) compared to healthy controls. Trabecular number was higher for non-surgical hypoPT compared to post-surgical hypoPT (1.37 ± 0.25 and 1.17 ± 0.13 mm−1, p = 0.022). Trends towards increase in cortical volumetric BMD were only present for post-menopausal female and male patients above the age of 50. For female patients, cortical volumetric BMD and area increased with age and decreased after menopause. For males, age had little influence on bone microstructure, but cortical porosity increased with longer treatment durations.

Conclusions

Results from this pilot study suggested that both cortical and trabecular bone were altered in this group of patients with hypoPT. Etiology for hypoPT might influence bone microstructure, mainly on trabeculae. Age, menstrual status, and treatment duration were likely to influence bone microstructure in hypoPT.

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Funding

This work was supported by the “13th Five-Year” National Science and Technology Major Project for New Drugs (No: 2019ZX09734001-002) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No: 81270873 and 81873641).

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Correspondence to X. Xing or W. Xia.

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This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board and local ethics committee of PUMCH. All participants signed the written consent forms for the scanning of HR-pQCT.

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Liu, J., Chen, S., Quan, T. et al. Bone microstructure of adult patients with non-surgical hypoparathyroidism assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Osteoporos Int 31, 2219–2230 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-020-05506-w

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Keywords

  • Bone microstructure
  • HR-pQCT
  • Non-surgical hypoparathyroidism