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Osteoporosis International

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 2401–2402 | Cite as

Variations in latitude may or may not explain the worldwide variation in hip fracture incidence

  • J. A. KanisEmail author
  • A. Odén
  • E. V. McCloskey
  • H. Johansson
  • D. A. Wahl
  • C. Cooper
Letter

Keywords

Mobile Phone Calcidiol Musculoskeletal Health High Calcium Intake Poor Vitamin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    Kanis JA, Passmore R (1989) Calcium supplementation of the diet—I. Br Med J 296:137–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kanis JA, Passmore R (1989) Calcium supplementation of the diet—II. Br Med J 296:205–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Johnell O, Borgstrom F, Jonsson B, Kanis J (2007) Latitude, socioeconomic prosperity, mobile phones and hip fracture risk. Osteoporos Int 18:333–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kanis JA, Odén A, McCloskey EV et al (2012) A systematic review of hip fracture incidence and probability of fracture worldwide. Osteoporos Int. doi: 10.1007/s00198-012-1964-3
  5. 5.
    Kuchuk NO, van Schoor NM, Pluijm SM, Chines A, Lips P (2009) Vitamin D status, parathyroid function, bone turnover, and BMD in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: global perspective. J Bone Miner Res 24:693–701Google Scholar
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    Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Willett WC, Wong JB et al (2009) Prevention of non-vertebral fractures with oral vitamin D and dose dependency: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med 169:551–561PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sanders KM, Stuart AL, Williamson EJ, Simpson JA, Kotowicz MA, Young D, Nicholson GC (2010) Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 303:1815–1822PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Kanis
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Odén
    • 1
  • E. V. McCloskey
    • 1
  • H. Johansson
    • 1
  • D. A. Wahl
    • 2
  • C. Cooper
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone DiseasesUniversity of Sheffield Medical SchoolSheffieldUK
  2. 2.International Osteoporosis FoundationNyonSwitzerland
  3. 3.MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology UnitUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  4. 4.NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research UnitUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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