Shock Waves

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 635–650 | Cite as

Design of a fast diaphragmless shock tube driver

  • R. Mejia-Alvarez
  • B. Wilson
  • M. C. Leftwich
  • A. A. Martinez
  • K. P. Prestridge
Original Article


In this paper, we developed a one-dimensional compressible flow model to study the behavior of various diaphragmless drivers numerically. We determined that the diameter ratio, \(\beta _{d}\), for the discharge orifice of the back chamber controls driver actuation. Driver performance is optimized by accelerating the barrier element before breaching to minimize the opening time of the driver. Our new two-body driver outperforms various designs and exhibits opening times comparable to those of aluminum burst diaphragms. Experimental results verify the effectiveness of the new driver and show that it closely follows the pressure-Mach curve for the ideal case. Planar laser-induced fluorescence images and pressure traces confirm the consistent formation of shock waves about 41 diameters from the driver.


Diaphragmless shock tube 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Mejia-Alvarez
    • 1
  • B. Wilson
    • 1
  • M. C. Leftwich
    • 2
  • A. A. Martinez
    • 1
  • K. P. Prestridge
    • 1
  1. 1.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  2. 2.George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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