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Healthcare utilization following minimally invasive apical prolapse repair in a large integrated healthcare system

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Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

We sought to describe healthcare utilization (HU) following minimally invasive apical prolapse repair (MIAR) and its association with duration of hospital stay, patient characteristics, and perioperative factors.

Methods

This retrospective study included women undergoing MIAR within a large managed care organization between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2018, and aimed to quantify HU within 30 days of surgery. HU was dichotomized into two groups: normal and high, based on typical postoperative utilization of healthcare resources. The primary outcome was the rate of normal versus high HU overall and by duration of hospital stay [discharge home on day of surgery versus postoperative day (POD) 1–2]. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify factors predictive of high HU. A p value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

Of the 4208 patients in our final cohort, 17% had high HU, while 83% were normal utilizers. High utilizers were more likely to have multiple comorbidities (p < 0.01) and a diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain (p = 0.02) and were less likely to be discharged on day of surgery (p < 0.01). A higher burden of disease, a concurrent mid-urethral sling or posterior colporrhaphy, and discharge on POD 1–2 were independently predictive of high HU. Within the high HU cohort, the most common type of unanticipated healthcare encounter was emergency department visit for urinary retention or pain.

Conclusions

Same-day discharge after MIAR does not result in increased HU, even after adjusting for relevant demographic and clinical characteristics. Pre-existing chronic pain diagnoses, multiple comorbidities, and concurrent mid-urethral sling are associated with high HU in this population.

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Correspondence to Olga Ramm.

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Ha, B., Gordon, T., Merchant, M. et al. Healthcare utilization following minimally invasive apical prolapse repair in a large integrated healthcare system. Int Urogynecol J 33, 351–358 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-021-04884-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-021-04884-x

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