This study aimed to translate and validate the P-QOL questionnaire in the Malay language.
The P-QOL questionnaire was translated into the Malay language and subsequently back-translated to English. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency were tested. All patients who visited the gynecology outpatient clinic of UKMMC, UMMC and IIUM between January 2016 and May 2017 completed the P-QOL questionnaires and were assessed for POP-Q staging.
One hundred twenty patients with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse and 180 asymptomatic patients were included. The Cronbach’s alpha for each domain was > 0.70, which confirmed that there was a highly acceptable internal consistency. The value varied between 0.88 (role limitation) and 0.912 (sleep/energy). Test-retest reliability showed a significant correlation between the total scores for each domain (p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between P-QOL domain scores and vaginal examination findings (POP-Q). With a higher POP-Q stage, a higher impact on the quality of life was detected in symptomatic patients. The total scores from all domains were significantly higher in symptomatic patients.
The Malay translated version of the P-QOL questionnaire is a reliable, consistent, and valid instrument for assessing the severity of the symptoms and impact on the quality of life among women with uterovaginal prolapse. It is easily understood, administered, and self-completed by patients.
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The authors thank the O&G Department of University Malaya Medical Center, Associate Prof. Dr. Su-Yen Khong and the O&G Department of the International Islamic University of Malaysia, and Associate Prof. Dr. Zalina Nusee for their contributions. This study was presented at 25th Congress of the Obstetrical and Gynecology Society of Malaysia and was awarded Best Poster Presentation (Gynecology).
This study was unfunded.
Details of ethics approval
The study was approved by the University ethical committee of University Kebangsaan Malaysia (code: FF-2016-069).
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Dasrilsyah, R.A., Ng, B.K., Atan, I.K. et al. Validation of the Malay version of the p-QOL questionnaire. Int Urogynecol J 32, 3163–3167 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04362-w