Haylen BT, De Ridder D, Freeman RM, et al. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction. Int Urogynecol J. 2010;21(1):5-26.
Buckley BS, Lapitan MCM. Prevalence of urinary incontinence in men, women, and children—current evidence: findings of the Fourth International Consultation on Incontinence. J Urol. 2010;76:265–70.
De Mattos Lourenco TR, Matsuoka PK, Baracat EC, Haddad JM. Urinary incontinence in female athletes: a systematic review. Int Urogynecol J. 2018;29(12):1757–63.
Brennand E, Ruiz-Mirazo E, Tang S, Kim-Fine S. Urinary leakage during exercise: problematic activities, adaptive behaviors, and interest in treatment for physically active Canadian women. Int Urogynecol J. 2018;29(4):497–503.
Eliasson K, Nordlander I, Larson B, Hammarstrom M, Mattsson E. Influence of physical activity on urinary leakage in primiparous women. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2005;15:87–94.
Eliasson K, Larsson T, Mattsson E. Prevalence of stress incontinence in nulliparous elite trampolinists. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2002;12(2):106–10.
Araujo MPD, Sartori MGF, Girão MJBC. Athletic incontinence: proposal of a new term for a NewWoman. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2017;39(9):441–2.
Dos Santos KM, Da Roza T, Mochizuki L, Arbieto ERM, Tonon da Luz SC. Assessment of abdominal and pelvic floor muscle function among continent and incontinent athletes. Int Urogynecol J. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3701-8.
Dias N, Peng Y, Khavari R, Nakib NA, Sweet RM, Timm GW, et al. Pelvic floor dynamics during high-impact athletic activities: a computational modeling study. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2017;41:20–7.
Kruger JA, Dietz HP, Murphy BA. Pelvic floor function in elite nulliparous athletes. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007;30(1):81–5.
Martan A, Masata J, Petri E, Svabik K, Drahoradova P, Voigt R, et al. Weak VLPP and MUCP correlation and their relationship with objective and subjective measures of severity of urinary incontinence. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007;18(3):267–71.
Gerten KA, Richter HE, Wheeler TL 2nd, Pair LS, Burgio KL, Redden DT, et al. Intraabdominal pressure changes associated with lifting: implications for postoperative activity restrictions. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008;198(3):306e301–5.
Hackett DA, Chow CM. The Valsalva maneuver: its effect on intra-abdominal pressure and safety issues during resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(8):2338–45.
Mishra GD, Hardy R, Cardozo L, Kuh D. Body weight through adult life and risk of urinary incontinence in middle-aged women: results from a British prospective cohort. Int J Obes. 2008;32(9):1415–22.
Khullar V, Sexton CC, Thompson CL, Milsom I, Bitoun CE, Coyne KS. The relationship between BMI and urinary incontinence subgroups: results from EpiLUTS. Neurourol Urodyn. 2014;33(4):392–9.
Schreiber Pedersen L, Lose G, Hoybye MT, Elsner S, Waldmann A, Rudnicki M. Prevalence of urinary incontinence among women and analysis of potential risk factors in Germany and Denmark. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2017;96(8):939–48.
Townsend MK, Lajous M, Medina-Campos RH, Catzin-Kuhlmann A, Lopez-Ridaura R, Rice MS. Risk factors for urinary incontinence among postmenopausal Mexican women. Int Urogynecol J. 2017;28(5):769–76.
Krause MP, Albert SM, Elsangedy HM, Krinski K, Goss FL, daSilva SG. Urinary incontinence and waist circumference in older women. Age Ageing. 2010;39(1):69–73.
Powerlifting Australia. 2017 Australian Juniors & Masters Powerlifting & Bench Press Championships, Australian Bench Press Championships. 2017; Available from: https://powerliftingaustralia.com/shop/2017-australian-junior-masters-powerlifting-bench-press-championships-australian-bench-press-championships/.
Sustersic O, Kralj B. The influence of obesity, constitution and physical work on the phenomenon of urinary incontinence in women. Int Urogynecol J. 1998;9:140–4.
Akkus Y, Pinar G. Evaluation of the prevalence, type, severity, and risk factors of urinary incontinence and its impact on quality of life among women in Turkey. Int Urogynecol J. 2016;27(6):887–93.
Sidik SM. The prevalence of urinary incontinence among the elderly in a rural community in Selangor. Malays J Med Sci. 2010;17(2):18.
Sandvik H, Hunskaar S, Seim A, Hermstad R, Vanvik A, Bratt H. Validation of a severity index in female urinary incontinence and its implementation in an epidemiological survey. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1993;47(6):497–9.
Murphy M, Culligan PJ, Arce CM, Graham CA, Blackwell L, Heit MH. Construct validity of the incontinence severity index. Neurourol Urodyn. 2006;25(5):418–23.
Hawthorne G. Measuring incontinence in Australia, in Canberra: commonwealth of Australia. 2006.
Deloitte Access Economics. The economic impact of incontinence in Australia. Continence Foundation of Australia. 2011.
Allen P, Bennett K, Heritage B. SPSS statistics version 22: a practical guide. 2014. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, MI: Erlbaum; 1988.
Thyssen HH, Clevin L, Olesen S, Lose G. Urinary incontinence in elite female athletes and dancers. Int Urogynecol J. 2002;13:15–7.
Morrisroe SN, Rodriguez LV, Wang PC, Smith AL, Trejo L, Sarkisian CA. Correlates of 1-year incidence of urinary incontinence in older Latino adults enrolled in a community-based physical activity trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014;62(4):740–6.
Carls C. The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence in high school and college-age female athletes in the Midwest: implications for education and prevention. Urol Nurs. 2007;27(1):21–4 39.
Ramalingam K, Monga A. Obesity and pelvic floor dysfunction. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2015;29(4):541–7.
Kim H, Yoshida H, Suzuki T. The effects of multidimensional exercise treatment on community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with stress, urge, and mixed urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2011;48(10):1165–72.
Noblett KL, Jensen JK, O’stegard DR. The relationship of body mass index to intra-abdominal pressure as measured by multichannel cystometry. Int Urogynecol J. 1997;8:323–6.
Pop CL. Overweight and obesity risk assessment—two methods, different results. Phys Educ Students. 2016;20(3):53–7.
Nygaard IE, Shaw JM. Physical activity and the pelvic floor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015;214(2):164–71.
Da Roza T, Brandao S, Mascarenhas T, Jorge RN, Duarte JA. Urinary incontinence and levels of regular physical exercise in young women. Int J Sports Med. 2015;36(9):776–80.
Bo K. Urinary incontinence, pelvic floor dysfunction, exercise and sport. Sports Med. 2004;34(7):451–64.