Robot-assisted vesicovaginal fistula repair via a transvesical approach



The objective of this video is to demonstrate a technique for robot-assisted vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair utilizing a mini cystotomy with a transvesical approach.


A 53-year-old female developed a VVF after she underwent an abdominal hysterectomy for uterine fibroids at an outside facility. She was referred to us following two failed VVF repairs (one vaginal, one abdominal with bladder bivalving and omental flap). After discussing options, she underwent a robotic VVF repair via a transvesical approach. Following port placement, the space of Retzius was mobilized. An intentional cystotomy was made and the camera and working arms advanced into the bladder. The fistula was identified and circumferentially mobilized. The fistula was closed in three layers using absorbable sutures, and care was taken to avoid the ureters.


The patient’s postoperative recovery was uncomplicated. Follow-up imaging was performed via cystogram at 4 weeks and showed resolution of the fistula.


A robot-assisted transvesical approach using a mini cystotomy to VVF repair is a useful technique especially when previous surgical planes have been used in prior repairs and failed. It maintains a minimally invasive approach and may avoid complications associated with an open abdominal approach.

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Correspondence to John A. Occhino.

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Occhino, J.A., Hokenstad, E.D. & Linder, B.J. Robot-assisted vesicovaginal fistula repair via a transvesical approach. Int Urogynecol J 30, 327–329 (2019).

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  • Fistula
  • Robot
  • Vesicovaginal
  • Urinary incontinence