Introduction and hypothesis
We present a video demonstrating technical considerations and tips for cystoscopic placement of external, lighted, and internal ureteral stents.
Cystoscopic ureteral stent placement is useful in cases where difficult pelvic periureter dissection is expected or encountered. In this video, we review cystoscopy basics, our approach to various types of retrograde stent placement, and performing retrograde pyelograms. Traditional external ureteral stent and lighted stent placement for prophylactic purposes are discussed, with attention to understanding stent markings, appropriate resistance, and steps for externalization. Internal, double-J ureteral stent placement with the use of fluoroscopy is initiated with placement of a guidewire. An open-ended ureteral catheter is advanced over the wire in the pelvic portion of the ureter, and a retrograde pyelogram is performed. The wire is reintroduced and the stent advanced to the renal pelvis under fluoroscopy. The proximal curl is confirmed to be in the appropriate position with fluoroscopy. The string attached to the stent is then cut and removed, the guidewire is removed, and the stent is deployed with the distal curl in the bladder.
This video reviews key steps for cystoscopic ureteral stent placement in a prophylactic setting, cases of challenging anatomy, or ureteral injury.
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Conflicts of interest
Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this video article and any accompanying images.
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Linder, B.J., Occhino, J.A. Cystoscopic ureteral stent placement: techniques and tips. Int Urogynecol J 30, 163–165 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3762-8
- Ureteral stent
- Retrograde pyelogram
- Ureteral injury