Dutch translation and validation of the pelvic organ prolapse/incontinence sexual questionnaire-IUGA revised (PISQ-IR)
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Introduction and hypothesis
Condition-specific sexual questionnaires are important patient-reported outcome measures. The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-International Urogynecology Association Revised (PISQ-IR) into Dutch.
The translated PISQ-IR was linguistically validated, followed by psychometrical validation among women presenting with symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction in urogynecology clinics. For analysis of the criterion validity, the Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Inventory-20 (PFDI-20) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were used. Descriptive statistics, floor and ceiling effects, internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and Pearson's and Spearman’s correlations were calculated for all PISQ-IR subscales.
The PISQ-IR was completed by 220 women, of whom 61 (27.7%) considered themselves not sexually active (NSA) and 159 (72.3%) sexually active (SA). The mean age of participating women was 57 years; 49.5% reported symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse (POP), 66.8% urinary incontinence and 2.3% anal incontinence. The PISQ-IR subscales were analyzed separately for SA and NSA women with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient ranging from 0.61 to 0.87. Moderate to high correlations were observed between PISQ-IR subscales and corresponding FSFI subscales and a moderate correlation between urinary distress and the condition impact (CI) subscale among NSA subjects.
The Dutch PISQ-IR demonstrated a good internal consistency and criterion validity compared with the FSFI, but criterion validity compared with the PFDI-20 was poor except for urinary distress in NSA women and needs further attention.
KeywordsPelvic floor dysfunction Pelvic organ prolapse Urinary and/or anal incontinence Sexual function questionnaire Validation
We thank Ms. A. van der Ster, research coordinator, Reinier de Graaf Hospital, Delft, The Netherlands, for distributing and collecting all questionnaires and entering the data into the database.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
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