International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 21, Issue 11, pp 1385–1390 | Cite as

Sling procedures after repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistula in Niamey, Niger

  • Charles J. Ascher-WalshEmail author
  • Tracy L. Capes
  • Yungtai Lo
  • Abdoulaye Idrissa
  • Jeff Wilkinson
  • Karolynn Echols
  • Bruce Crawford
  • Rene Genadry
Original Article


Introduction and hypothesis

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the results of sling procedures for stress incontinence after repair of vesicovaginal fistulae at the National Hospital in Niamey, Niger.


This study is a retrospective chart review of 701 women surgically treated for vesicovaginal fistulae. One hundred forty women subsequently underwent a sling procedure for stress incontinence after fistula repair.


The demographics among the groups were similar. No significant difference was seen in results between the sling types except the risk of erosion was significantly greater in the synthetic sling group. There was a trend towards greater sling success in the fascia lata group.


Correction of incontinence is a common and difficult challenge following repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistula. Compared to published studies on sling procedures, these patients have higher rates of continued incontinence. This is likely due to the frequent loss of a urethral sphincter as well as high prevalence of detrusor overactivity and decreased bladder capacity.


Sling procedures Stress urinary incontinence Vesicovaginal fistula 


Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecological Association 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles J. Ascher-Walsh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tracy L. Capes
    • 1
  • Yungtai Lo
    • 1
  • Abdoulaye Idrissa
    • 2
  • Jeff Wilkinson
    • 3
  • Karolynn Echols
    • 4
  • Bruce Crawford
    • 5
  • Rene Genadry
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive SciencesMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.National Hospital of NiameyNiameyNiger
  3. 3.Duke University Health CenterDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Cooper University HospitalCamdenUSA
  5. 5.Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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