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Related factors of urge, stress, mixed urinary incontinence and overactive bladder in reproductive age womenin Tabriz, Iran: a cross-sectional study

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Urinary incontinence remains a pressing problem, particularly for women. So this study was conducted to assess risk factors for stress, urge, mixed urinary incontinence and overactive bladder (OVB). Three hundred and thirty women aged 15–49, non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding who were referred to gynecologic clinics were surveyed. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Women with no symptoms related to urinary incontinence (UI) and OVB served as the reference group. The risk of all types of UI and OVB increased with constipation. Posterior pelvic organ prolapse was associated with stress and urge incontinence. Vaginal delivery was a predictor of stress, urge and mixed incontinence. BMI and PID were predictors of OVB. Pelvic muscle strength was a predictor of stress incontinence. Vaginal length was associated with mixed incontinence. Optimal weight gain, having a healthy lifestyle, treatment of constipation and pelvic organ prolapse, and improving pelvic floor muscle strength can be suggested as preventive measures against UI and OVB. Pelvic measurement can be included in evaluation of UI.

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The support provided by the Research Department of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences is gratefully acknowledged. The co-operation of Mr. Rostam Khanee is greatly acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Sahar Sadat Sobhgol.

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Sobhgol, S.S., Charandabee, S.M.A. Related factors of urge, stress, mixed urinary incontinence and overactive bladder in reproductive age womenin Tabriz, Iran: a cross-sectional study. Int Urogynecol J 19, 367–373 (2008).

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