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Do overactive bladder symptoms improve after repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse?

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This study aims to evaluate the changes of overactive bladder symptoms to anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair. Ninety-three consecutive women with symptomatic anterior vaginal wall prolapse ≥ stage II and coexistent overactive bladder symptoms were prospectively studied using a urinalysis, urodynamics, King’s Health Questionnaire (KHQ), Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QOL) questionnaire and pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system before and 1 year after surgery. All women underwent a standard fascial anterior repair. Postoperatively, urinary frequency, urgency and urge incontinence disappeared in 60, 70 and 82% of women respectively (p value < 0.001). The vaginal examination findings as well as the quality of life of the women assessed using KHQ and P-QOL significantly improved after surgery (p value < 0.001). This study has demonstrated that anterior vaginal repair does produce significant improvement in overactive bladder symptoms. A larger longer-term study is required to assess if these changes persist over time.

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Correspondence to G. Alessandro Digesu.

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Digesu, G.A., Salvatore, S., Chaliha, C. et al. Do overactive bladder symptoms improve after repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse?. Int Urogynecol J 18, 1439–1443 (2007).

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