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Modeling and performance analysis of precise time transfer based on BDS triple-frequency un-combined observations

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In this study, a model of precise time transfer is developed based on the triple-frequency un-combined observations of the BeiDou navigation satellite system, known as UC-PPP. In this model, except for the traditional position, troposphere delay and receiver clock parameters, ionosphere delays are estimated as unknown parameters by adding the prior, spatial and temporal constraints. In addition, receiver differential code biases (DCB) are also estimated as unknown parameters. The standard triple-frequency ionosphere-free model is also introduced, named as IF-PPP. To assess the performance of the model, datasets with short baseline and common external time frequency are used. The results show that the triple-frequency UC-PPP model can be used for precise time transfer, with accuracy and stability identical to those of the IF-PPP model. The model can also provide the receiver DCB and ionosphere total electron content products.

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The work was partly supported by the program of National Key Research and Development Plan of China (Grant No: 2016YFB0501804), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos: 41504006, 41674034) and Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) programs of “Pioneer Hundred Talents” (Grant No: Y620YC1701) and “The Frontier Science Research Project” (Grant Nos: QYZDB-SSW-DQC028) and “Funded by State Key Laboratory of Geo-information Engineering, No. SKLGIE2016-M-2-4.”

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Correspondence to Rui Tu.

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Tu, R., Zhang, P., Zhang, R. et al. Modeling and performance analysis of precise time transfer based on BDS triple-frequency un-combined observations. J Geod 93, 837–847 (2019).

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