, Volume 79, Issue 8, pp 895–917 | Cite as

Qualitative robustness of estimators on stochastic processes

  • Katharina StrohrieglEmail author
  • Robert Hable


A lot of statistical methods originally designed for independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) data are also successfully used for dependent observations. Still most theoretical investigations on robustness assume i.i.d. pairs of random variables. We examine an important property of statistical estimators—the qualitative robustness in the case of observations which do not fulfill the i.i.d. assumption. In the i.i.d. case qualitative robustness of a sequence of estimators is, according to Hampel (Ann Math Stat 42:1887–1896, 1971), ensured by continuity of the corresponding statistical functional. A similar result for the non-i.i.d. case is shown in this article. Continuity of the corresponding statistical functional still ensures qualitative robustness of the estimator as long as the data generating process satisfies a certain convergence condition on its empirical measure. Examples for processes providing such a convergence condition, including certain Markov chains or mixing processes, are given as well as examples for qualitatively robust estimators in the non-i.i.d. case.


Qualitative robustness Stochastic process Statistical functional Weak dependence 



We would like to thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) which supported this work by grant CH 291/2-1 and we would like to thank the reviewer for the valuable comments to improve the work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mathematisches InstitutUniversität BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.Technologie Campus GrafenauTechnische Hochschule DeggendorfDeggendorfGermany

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