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Global liquidity effect of quantitative easing on emerging markets

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Using a panel quantile vector autoregression model, we investigate the global liquidity effect of quantitative easing (QE) in the US on emerging markets (EMs) over the period 2010:Q1 to 2019:Q3. Our empirical result suggests that tapering of QE in the US triggers a large capital outflow from the EMs. In addition, we find a significant asymmetric effect of QE on portfolio investment flows to EMs with a stronger effect in the higher quantiles. The implication of these findings is that tapering the large-scale asset purchases and other instruments of unconventional monetary policy have a larger effect on EMs.

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  1. See Montes‐Rojas (2019) for a similar quantile VAR model, where quintiles are not restricted to be equal.

  2. Note that the choice of the countries and time length chosen are motivated by the availability of data.

  3. Shadow short rate (SSR) proposed by Krippner (2012) and further extended by Krippner (2014) is derived from empirical yield curves as the shortest maturity rate. The SSR is essentially an estimate of the policy rate, which could be negative that would generate the observed yield curve.


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Authors and Affiliations



Mehmet Balcilar involved in conceptualization, methodology, formal analysis, writing—reviewing and editing, data curation, and software. Ojonugwa Usman involved in writing—original draft preparation. Mark E. Wohar involved in writing—reviewing and editing, supervision and resources. David Roubaud involved in resources. Hasan Gungor involved in data acquisition.

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Correspondence to Mark Wohar.

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Balcilar, M., Usman, O., Wohar, M. et al. Global liquidity effect of quantitative easing on emerging markets. Empir Econ (2024).

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