Empirical Economics

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 1743–1775 | Cite as

The linkages of sectoral carbon dioxide emission caused by household consumption in China: evidence from the hypothetical extraction method

  • Yue-Jun ZhangEmail author
  • Xiao-Juan Bian
  • Weiping Tan


The carbon dioxide emission caused by household consumption has been attracting growing attention; however, the linkage mechanisms of carbon dioxide emission caused by household consumption among sectors have been rarely studied. This paper employs the hypothetical extraction method to analyze the linkage of sectoral carbon dioxide emission caused by household consumption in China. The results show that, first, the sectors PDEH, OTHERS, MFT and SPM have the most important influence on carbon dioxide emission produced by each sector. Specifically, the sectors PDEH and SPM play the main role in pushing carbon dioxide emission, while the sectors OTHERS and MFT have important effect on pulling carbon dioxide emission. Second, the sectors with high supply carbon dioxide emission are inconsistent with those having high demand carbon dioxide emission. Finally, the carbon dioxide emission when urban household consumption expenditure rises ten thousand Yuan appears higher than that by rural household consumption expenditure.


Household consumption Sectoral linkage analysis HEM Input–Output approach 

JEL Classification

L52 L60 



We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 71273028, 71322103), National Special Support Program for High-Level Personnel from the Central Government of China, Changjiang Scholars Program of the Ministry of Education of China and Hunan Youth Talents Program. We also would like to sincerely thank the Editor Professor Robert Kunst and two respectable reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Business SchoolHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Center for Resource and Environmental ManagementHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  4. 4.Center for Energy and Environmental Policy ResearchBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  5. 5.Salesforce Inc.San FranciscoUSA

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