Empirical Economics

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 1–29

Long-term unemployment and violent crime


DOI: 10.1007/s00181-016-1068-6

Cite this article as:
Nordin, M. & Almén, D. Empir Econ (2017) 52: 1. doi:10.1007/s00181-016-1068-6


This study reinvestigates the relationship between unemployment and crime, but is the first to focus explicitly on the effects of long-term unemployment on crime. A unique finding is that long-term unemployment shows a strong association with violent crime, an effect which is greater than that of total unemployment on property crime in this and most previous studies. Long-term unemployment thus identifies a marginal group for committing crime (particularly violent crime) better than total unemployment, with the duration of unemployment plausibly increasing the strain that fosters violent behaviour.


Crime Violent crime Unemployment Long-term unemployment 

JEL Classification

J2 K14 K42 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and Management, Lund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations