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Exploring the finance-real economy link in U.S.: empirical evidence from panel unit root and cointegration analysis


The aim of this article is to analyze the relationships between common shocks affecting the real economy and those underlying co-fluctuations in U.S. financial markets. In order to do this, we test for links between these common factors and also use the econometric theory of non-stationary panel data to estimate the relationships. The estimates prove the existence of significant relationships between financial and macroeconomic factors. It is also shown that there are forces pulling U.S. financial markets to move with the real economy, as seen through nearly instantaneous adjustment to a new equilibrium.

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Correspondence to Abdou-Aziz Niang.

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Niang, AA., Diagne, A. & Pichery, MC. Exploring the finance-real economy link in U.S.: empirical evidence from panel unit root and cointegration analysis. Empir Econ 40, 253–268 (2011).

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  • PANIC analysis
  • Panel data
  • Common factors
  • Financial crises
  • U.S.

JEL Classification

  • C5
  • C23
  • D1
  • G1
  • N12