Goodness-of-fit indices for partial least squares path modeling


This paper discusses a recent development in partial least squares (PLS) path modeling, namely goodness-of-fit indices. In order to illustrate the behavior of the goodness-of-fit index (GoF) and the relative goodness-of-fit index (GoFrel), we estimate PLS path models with simulated data, and contrast their values with fit indices commonly used in covariance-based structural equation modeling. The simulation shows that the GoF and the GoFrel are not suitable for model validation. However, the GoF can be useful to assess how well a PLS path model can explain different sets of data.


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Henseler, J., Sarstedt, M. Goodness-of-fit indices for partial least squares path modeling. Comput Stat 28, 565–580 (2013).

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  • Partial least squares path modeling (PLS)
  • Goodness-of-fit index (GoF)

JEL Classification

  • C39