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Development of a novel device for analysis of high-speed cutting processes considering the influence of dynamic factors


Previous methods for the investigation of high-speed cutting processes for bio-based materials failed since essential principles for the investigation of dynamic processes have not been taken into account. The novel self-developed device, based on the principle of a rotor arm, enables a detailed analysis of cutting processes. The rotor arm has a diameter of 4 m, enabling precise analysis of cutting processes. The device enables analysis of speeds up to 100 m/s of the more or less linear cutting process. Stiffness of the set-up, the natural frequency of the system, and a series of cuts per test may cause a convoluted signal demanding dynamic calibration of the measurement chain. The newly developed device enables the conduction of single cuts per examination at relatively high speed. Thus, the influence of the previous cut is eliminated. Previous research has not provided a possibility to study linear cutting processes at the mentioned velocity. The accuracy of the device was proven within various examinations. A correction based on real chip thickness measurement was applied. Finally cutting of beech, using a wide set of parameters, was examined. The cutting forces of the beech sample increased linearly with chip thickness. Nevertheless, the influence of velocity showed non-linear progression. The smallest force was observed at 20 m/s. From this cutting speed, force always increased when velocity was changed.

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Data availability

The authors confirm that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article. The raw data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author, O. Dvoracek, upon a reasonable request.

Code availability

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The research project HARDIS – “Mechanical disintegration of hardwood” ATCZ21 ( was funded by the European Regional Development Fund and Interreg V-A ATCZ as well as by the Office of the Provincial Government of Lower Austria, Abteilung Wissenschaft und Forschung.

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Authors and Affiliations



The corresponding author O. Dvoracek has been responsible for writing this paper, planning, and developing the test device, layout designs, and measurements, and final analyzing the obtained raw data. D. Lechowicz was responsible for the measurement of cutting forces and correcting the obtained raw data by the transfer function. T. Krenke and B. Möseler were responsible for the development of the test device. G. Emsenhuber developed the electrical system and the control system of the test device. J. Tippner and S. Frybort brought the idea of the project and were responsible for the research planning and controlling. S. Frybort and F. Haas were responsible for the scientific supervision of the publication.

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Correspondence to Ondrej Dvoracek.

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Dvoracek, O., Lechowicz, D., Krenke, T. et al. Development of a novel device for analysis of high-speed cutting processes considering the influence of dynamic factors. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 113, 1685–1697 (2021).

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  • Cutting forces
  • Linear cut
  • Wood machining
  • Disintegration analysis