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Improving additive manufacturing performance by build orientation optimization

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Additive manufacturing (AM) is an emerging type of production technology to create three-dimensional objects layer-by-layer directly from a 3D CAD model. AM is being extensively used in several areas by engineers and designers. Build orientation is a critical issue in AM since it is associated with the part accuracy, the number of supports required and the processing time to produce the object. This paper presents an optimization approach to solve the part build orientation problem taking into account some characteristics or measures that can affect the accuracy of the part, namely the volumetric error, the support area, the staircase effect, the build time, the surface roughness and the surface quality. A global optimization method, the Electromagnetism-like algorithm, is used to solve the part build orientation problem.

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The authors are grateful to the anonymous referees for their fruitful comments and suggestions.


This work has been financially supported and developed under the FIBR3D project - Hybrid processes based on additive manufacturing of composites with long or short fibres reinforced thermoplastic matrix (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016414), supported by the Lisbon Regional Operational Programme 2020, under the PORTUGAL 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). This work has been also financially supported by national funds through FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the Project Scope: UID/CEC/00319/2019.

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Correspondence to Ana Maria A. C. Rocha.

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Matos, M.A., Rocha, A.M.A.C. & Pereira, A.I. Improving additive manufacturing performance by build orientation optimization. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 107, 1993–2005 (2020).

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