Advertisement

Tribological evaluation of electroless Ni–B coating on metal-working tool steel

  • Jaime Taha-TijerinaEmail author
  • Karla Aviña-Camarena
  • Roal Torres-Sánchez
  • Carlos Dominguez-Ríos
  • Demófilo Maldonado-Cortes
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this research is to evaluate the tribological characteristics of the electroless Ni–B film under extreme pressure conditions, with coating thickness of 3 μm, 6 μm, and 12 μm in the as-plated condition and with incorporation of heat treatment (HT) (200 °C by 90 min). An electroless method is employed for Ni–B coating deposition on D2 tool steel specimens. A synthetic fluid was used as a lubricant, with a water–oil ratio of 10:1. Tribological evaluations were performed on a block-on-ring configuration according to ITEePib Polish method for testing lubricants under conditions of scuffing. Results indicate that electroless technology improved the coefficient of friction (COF) of the tool steel, ranging from 15 to 30%, with 3 μm to 12 μm of coating, respectively. This enhancement was increased by applying a heat treatment to the coated components, showing improvements of 24–38% with 3 mm to 12 mm, respectively. It is also observed that wear of the evaluated coupons also showed improvements ranging from 35 to 60%. These results demonstrate the potential of an electroless technique on materials suitable for metal-forming tooling and components, while decreasing friction and wear of mechanical components.

Keywords

Electroless Ni–B Lubricant Wear testing Tribology Thermal treatment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge Marlene Vizcarra for the support to the project.

References

  1. 1.
    Riedel W (1991) Electroless nickel plating. ASM International, Metals Park OhioGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mallory GO, Hajdu JB (1990) American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society. In: Electroless plating : fundamentals and applicationsGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bolger PT, Szlag DC (2002) Investigation into the rejuvenation of spent electroless nickel baths by electrodialysis. Environ Sci Technol 36:2273–2278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baskaran I, Kumar RS, Tsn SN, Stephen A (2006) Formation of electroless Ni–B coatings using low temperature bath and evaluation of their characteristic properties. Surf Coatings Technol 200:6888–6894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gorbunova KM, Ivanov MV, Moiseev VP (1973) Electroless deposition of nickel-boron alloys mechanism of process, structure, and some properties of deposits. J Electrochem Soc 120:613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gaevskaya TV, Novotortseva IG, Tsybulskaya LS (1996) The effect of boron on the microstructure and properties of electrodeposited nickel films. Met Finish 94:100–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Di Giampaolo AR, Ordoñez JG, Gugliemacci JM, Lira J (1997) Electroless nickel-boron coatings on metal carbides. Surf Coatings Technol 89:127–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kanta A-F, Poelman M, Vitry V, Delaunois F (2010) Nickel–boron electrochemical properties investigations. J Alloys Compd 505:151–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang Z-C, Yu L, Jia F, Song G-L (2012) Effect of additives and heat treatment on the formation and performance of electroless nickel-boron plating on AZ91D Mg alloy. J Electrochem Soc 159:D406–D412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sudagar J, Lian J, Sha W (2013) Electroless nickel, alloy, composite and nano coatings – a critical review. J Alloys Compd 571:183–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Salari M, Akbari A, Damerchi E (2019) Electrodeposited Ni-B/SiC micro- and nano-composite coatings: a comparative study. J Alloys Compd 782:477–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Riddle YW, Bailerare TO (2005) Friction and wear reduction via an Ni-B electroless bath coating for metal alloys. JOM 57:40–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sankara K, Sankara N, Seshadri S (2005) Electroless Ni-B coatings: preparation and evaluation of hardness and wear resistance. Surf Coatings Technol 190:115–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vitry V, Delaunois F (2015) Electroless nickel-phosphorous vs electroless nickel-boron: comparison of hardness, abrasion resistance, scratch test response and corrosion behavior. In: Aliofkhazraei M (ed) Comprehensive guide for nanocoatings technology - volume 1: deposition and mechanism. Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp 145–173Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li BS, Huan YX, Luo H, Zhang WW (2019) Electrodeposition and properties of Ni–B/SiC nanocomposite coatings. Surf Eng 35(2):109–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Qian W, Wei H, Chen H, Zhu L, Sun T, Han S, Lin H, Jiang J (2019) The effect of heat treatment on Ni–B–Ce electroless coatings. Surf Eng 35(2):144–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Anik M, Körpe E, Şen E (2008) Effect of coating bath composition on the properties of electroless nickel–boron films. Surf Coatings Technol 202:1718–1727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Oraon B, Majumdar G, Ghosh B (2008) Improving hardness of electroless Ni–B coatings using optimized deposition conditions and annealing. Mater Des 29:1412–1418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vitry V, Delaunois F, Dumortier C (2008) Mechanical properties and scratch test resistance of nickel–boron coated aluminium alloy after heat treatments. Surf Coatings Technol. 202:3316–3324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hamid ZA, Hassan HB, Attyia AM (2010) Influence of deposition temperature and heat treatment on the performance of electroless Ni–B films. Surf Coatings Technol 205:2348–2354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sahoo P, Das SK (2009) Friction behaviour of electroless Ni-B coatings. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanical Engineering 2009 (ICME2009). Dhaka, p 6Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kanta A-F, Vitry V, Delaunois F (2009) Wear and corrosion resistance behaviours of autocatalytic electroless plating. J Alloys Compd 486:L21–L23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Das SK, Sahoo P (2010) Wear performance optimization of electroless Ni-B coating using Taguchi design of experiments. Tribol Ind 32:17–27Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Das SK, Sahoo P (2011) Tribological characteristics of electroless Ni–B coating and optimization of coating parameters using Taguchi based grey relational analysis. Mater Des 32:2228–2238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Das SK, Sahoo P (2012) Influence of process parameters on microhardness of electroless Ni-B coatings. Adv Mech Eng 4:703168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bulbul F (2011) The effects of deposition parameters on surface morphology and crystallographic orientation of electroless Ni-B coatings. Met Mater Int 17:67–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    ASTM. ASTM B733 – 97 (1997) Standard specification for autocatalytic (electroless) nickel-phosphorus coatings on metalGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    ASTM International. ASTM B322 - 99 (2014) Standard guide for cleaning metals prior to electroplating (2014)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Domínguez-Ríos C, Hurtado-Macias A, Torres-Sánchez R, Ramos MA, González-Hernández J (2012) Measurement of mechanical properties of an electroless Ni–B coating using nanoindentation. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:7762–7768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Dean RB, Dixon WJ (1951) Simplified statistics for small numbers of observations. Anal Chem 23:636–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Staia MH, Castillo EJ, Puchi ES, Lewis B (1996) Wear performance and mechanism of electroless Ni-P coating. Surf Coatings Technol 86–87:598–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Staia MH, Enriquez C, Puchi ES (1997) Influence of the heat treatment on the abrasive wear resistance of electroless Ni-P. Surf Coatings Technol 94–95:543–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Biswas A, Das SK, Sahoo P (2016) Effect of heat treatment duration on tribological behavior of electroless Ni-(high) P coatings. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 149:012045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Liu Z, Sharma BK, Erhan SZ, Biswas A (2015) Oxidation and low temperature stability of polymerized soybean oil-based lubricants. Thermochim Acta 601:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de MonterreySan Pedro Garza GarcíaMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados S. C.ChihuahuaMexico

Personalised recommendations