Effect of tool nose radius and tool wear on residual stresses distribution while turning in situ TiB2/7050 Al metal matrix composites
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In situ TiB2/7050 Al matrix composite is a new kind of particle reinforced metal matrix composite. With in situ synthesis method, a better adhesion at interfaces is achieved and hence improves mechanical properties. However, due to the presence of hard TiB2 ceramic particles, the tool wear problem is severer while machining TiB2/7050 Al composites compared with traditional metallic alloy. In order to have a deeper understanding of the residuals stress distribution during machining metal matrix composites, this paper investigates the effect of tool nose radius and tool wear on the residual stress distribution during turning TiB2/7050 Al composites. Four CBN tools with different tool nose radius (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 mm) are used. The cutting force and residual stress distribution beneath the machined surface have been analyzed when the CBN tools are new or worn (0.26 mm VB). The results show that the residual compressive stress distribution is always obtained on the machined surface and subsurface no matter the tools are new or worn. The larger tool nose radius causes the increase of cutting force, lower surface residual compressive stress, and deeper residual stress penetration layer. As the tool wear, the location of maximum residual compressive stress transfers from the machined surface to the deeper subsurface. Compared with the tool nose radius, the tool wear has more significant influence on the cutting force and residual stress distribution.
KeywordsMetal matrix composites TiB2 particle Residual stress Nose radius Tool wear
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This work is financially supported by the Innovation Foundation for Doctor Dissertation of Northwestern Polytechnical University (Grant No. CX201829), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51775443), and the 111 Project (Grant No. B13044).
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