Wear and erosion of arc-PVD multilayer Ti-Al-Mo-N coatings under various conditions of friction and loading

  • V. S. Sergevnin
  • I. V. Blinkov
  • D. S. Belov
  • N. I. Smirnov
  • A. O. Volkhonskii
  • K. A. Kuptsov


Wear resistance and failure of arc-PVD Ti-Al-Mo-N coatings under different conditions were investigated. Under dry friction, coatings have high tribological properties: friction coefficient was about 0.4–0.5 vs. 0.6–0.7 for TiAlN at 20 and 500 °C, respectively. The depth of the wear track of the studied Ti-Al-Mo-N coatings was comparable to the original surface roughness, while the TiAlN coating wear under the same conditions was about 6 ‧ 10−5 mm3 N−1 m. This is due to the adaptation phenomenon, associated with the formation of MoO3 acting as a solid lubricant during friction. Simulation of abrasive particle moving along the coating surface by scratching with a diamond indenter at increasing load showed that coating failure occurs cohesively by the mechanism of plastic deformation without significant cracking and chipping of large fragments. This is due to the high fracture toughness of the coating (relative work of plastic deformation ~ 60%), along with its high hardness (up to 40 GPa). Under such conditions, the partial abrasion of the coating to the substrate occurred at the load of about 75 N. Under hydroabrasive wear using Al2O3 abrasive particles, 4-μm-thick Ti-Al-Mo-N coating on the cemented carbide substrate had several times increase in durability compared with the uncoated sample. Impact test indicated that the Ti-Al-Mo-N coating is highly resistant to impact loads compared with TiAlN coating, through a combination of high hardness and plasticity and high adhesion to the substrate.


PVD coatings Sliding wear Impact wear Wear testing 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


Funding information

This research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Research Project No. 17-19-01255).


  1. 1.
    Aouadi S, Paudel Y, Luster B, Stadler S, Kohli P, Muratore C, Hager C Jr, Voevodin A (2008) Adaptive Mo2N/MoS2/Ag tribological nanocomposite coatings for aerospace applications. Tribol Lett 29:95–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fox-Rabinovich GS, Yamamoto K, Beake BD, Gershman IS, Kovalev AI, Veldhuis SC, Aguirre MH, Dosbaeva G, Endrino JL (2012) Hierarchical adaptive nanostructured PVD coatings for extreme tribological applications: the quest for nonequilibrium states and emergent behavior. Sci Technol Adv Mater 13(4):043001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Franz R, Mitterer C (2013) Vanadium containing self-adaptive low-friction hard coatings for high-temperature applications: a review. Surf Coat Technol 228:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tian B, Yue W, Fu Z, Gu Y, Wang C, Liu J (2013) Surface properties of Mo-implanted PVD TiN coatings using MEVVA source. Appl Surf Sci 280:482–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tomaszewski L, Gulbinski W, Urbanowicz A, Suszko T, Lewandowski A, Gulbinski W (2015) TiAlN based wear resistant coatings modified by molybdenum addition. Vac 121:223–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang K, Xian G, Zhao H, Fan H, Wang J, Wang H, Du H (2015) Effect of Mo content on the structure and mechanical properties of TiAlMoN films deposited on WC–Co cemented carbide substrate by magnetron sputtering. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 52:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gassner G, Mayrhofer PH, Kutschej K, Mitterer C, Kathrein M (2006) Magnéli phase formation of PVD Mo–N and W–N coatings. Surf Coat Technol 201:3335–3341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Suszko T, Gulbinski W, Jagielski J (2005) The role of surface oxidation in friction processes on molybdenum nitride thin films. Surf Coat Technol 194:319–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sergevnin VS, Blinkov IV, Belov DS, Volkhonskii AO, Skryleva EA, Chernogor AV (2016) Phase formation in the Ti–Al–Mo–N system during the growth of adaptive wear-resistant coatings by arc PVD. Inorg Mater 52:735–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sergevnin VS, Blinkov IV, Volkhonskii AO, Belov DS, Kuznetsov DV, Gorshenkov MV, Skryleva EA (2016) Wear behaviour of wear-resistant adaptive nano-multilayered Ti-Al-Mo-N coatings. Appl Surf Sci 388:13–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gutkin MY, Ovidko IA (2003) Physical mechanics of deformed nanostructures, vol 1. Nanocrystalline materials, Janus, St. PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Andrievsky RA (2002) Nanomaterials: concept and contemporary issues. Rus Chem J 19:50–56Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leyland A, Matthews A (2000) On the significance of the H/E ratio in wear control: a nanocomposite coating approach to optimised tribological behaviour. Wear 246:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tsui TY, Pharr GM, Oliver WC, Bhatia CS, White RL, Anders S, Anders A, Brown IG (1995) Nanoindentation and nanoscratching of hard carbon coatings for magnetic disks. Mater Res Soc Symp Proc 383:447–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lawn BR, Wilshaw TR (1975) Indentation fracture: principles and applications. J Mater Sci 10:1049–1081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Evans AG, Wilshaw TR (1976) Quasi-static solid particle damage in brittle solids—I. Observations analysis and implications. Acta Metall 24:939–956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mathia TG, Lamy B (1986) Sclerometric characterization of nearly brittle materials. Wear 108:385–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ho SF, Contarini S, Rabalais JW (1987) Ion-beam-induced chemical changes in the oxyanions (Moyn-) and oxides (Mox) where M = chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, niobium and tantalum. J Phys Chem 91:4779–4788CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. S. Sergevnin
    • 1
  • I. V. Blinkov
    • 1
  • D. S. Belov
    • 1
  • N. I. Smirnov
    • 2
  • A. O. Volkhonskii
    • 1
  • K. A. Kuptsov
    • 1
  1. 1.National University of Science and Technology MISiSMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Machines Science named after A.A.Blagonravov of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations