Study of trajectory and experiment on steel polishing with elastic polishing wheel device

  • Xiao-Jun Wu
  • Xin Tong


Since the curvature of free-form surfaces are variable, it is difficult to guarantee the quality of the surface polished with traditional polishing technology. The chief aim of this paper is to investigate the features of an original elastic polishing wheel device. The polishing trajectory of the elastic polishing wheel was simulated to study the relationship between the uniformity of a kind of polishing trajectory and the ratio of rotational speed “i” which is the ratio of the velocity of the rotation and the revolution. Orthogonal experiment was carried out to explore the effect of various factors (rotational ratio, press amount h, speed of rotation, and granularity of abrasive grains) on surface roughness polished. The writer has come to the conclusion that i has an influence on the uniformity of polishing trajectory. The polishing coefficient of variation “CV” of i = 10.645751 is 32% lower than i = 10. Increasing the number of digits after the decimal point of i, the polishing track performs more uniform and densely. The experimental tests show that the influence of rotational ratio, press amount h, speed of rotation, and granularity of abrasive grains on surface roughness polished decreases progressively.


Free-form surface Elastic polishing wheel device Uniformity of polishing trajectory Surface roughness 


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Funding information

This project is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51375361 and No. 51475353). The authors are also grateful for the Industrial Research Projects of Shaanxi Province (2012K09-15).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina

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