Energy efficiency and environmental impacts of high power gas metal arc welding

  • Gunther SproesserEmail author
  • Ya-Ju Chang
  • Andreas Pittner
  • Matthias Finkbeiner
  • Michael Rethmeier


Single-wire gas metal arc welding (SGMAW) and high power tandem GMAW (TGMAW) are evaluated with respect to energy efficiency. The key performance indicator electrical deposition efficiency is applied to reflect the energy efficiency of GMAW in different material transfer modes. Additionally, the wall-plug efficiency of the equipment is determined in order to identify the overall energy consumption. The results show that energy efficiency can be increased by 24% and welding time is reduced over 50% by application of the tandem processes. A comparative life cycle assessment of a 30-mm-thick weld is conducted to investigate the influences of the energy efficiency on the environmental impacts. The environmental impacts on the categories global warming potential, acidification potential, eutrophication potential, and photochemical ozone creation potential can be reduced up to 11% using an energy-efficient TGMAW process.


Life cycle assessment (LCA) Energy efficiency High power welding Tandem gas metal arc welding 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunther Sproesser
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ya-Ju Chang
    • 3
  • Andreas Pittner
    • 2
  • Matthias Finkbeiner
    • 3
  • Michael Rethmeier
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Machine Tools and Factory ManagementTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Component SafetyFederal Institute for Materials Research and TestingBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Department of Environmental TechnologyTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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