High-temperature thermal treatment of co-deposition of Zn-10ZnO-25Ant hill particulate composite coating on mild steel

  • S. I. Neife
  • V. S. Aigbodion
  • C. A. Mgbemene


Zinc coating is usually restricted to the operating temperature of not more than 250 °C. In order to increase the operating temperature of zinc coating that motivates the presence study, a composite coating of Zn-10ZnO-25Ant hill on mild steel surface was produced by a co-deposition route. Thermal treatment was done at temperature of 500, 700 and 900 °C. The microstructure, hardness values, corrosion and wear test were determined. The presence of hard phases of ZnSiO3, Al2O3·SiO3 and SiO2 were obtained in the coated sample. Fine, uniform distributed structure of coated sample was obtained at 700 °C. The increases in the hardness values of the coated samples were attributed to the hard phases of ZnSiO3, Al2O3·SiO3 and SiO2 formed. Zn-10ZnO-25Ant hill + 700 °C have the higher potential and lower corrosion rate of all the samples. Corrosion rates of 4.268 and 0.933 mpy were obtained for the uncoated mild steel and coated mild steel at 700 °C. The work has established that thermal stability of Zn-10ZnO-25Ant hill + 700 °C was in improving the properties of the developed coating.


Ant hill Microstructure Corrosion Thermal treatment Wear 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The equipment support by the Nigeria Liquefied Gas (NLNG) Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Laboratory University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria is deeply appreciated.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Blejan, D.&Muresan, L. M.. Corrosion behaviour of Zn–Ni–Al2O3 nanocomposite coatings obtained by electrodeposition from alkaline electrolytes. Materials and Corrosion, vol. 63(2012), pg. 9999Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chitharanjan HA, Venkatakrishna K, Eliaz N (2010) Electrodeposition of Zn–Ni, Zn–Fe and Zn–Ni–Fe alloys. Surface & Coatings Technology 205:2031–2041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tuaweri TJ, Jombo PP, Okpala AN (2014) Corrosion resistance characteristics Of Zn-Ni/SiO2 composite coatings. International Journal of Advances in Materials Science and Engineering (IJAMSE) 3(2):678Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Popoola API, Aigbodion VS, Fayomi OSI (2016) Surface characterization, mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour of ternary based Zn-ZnO-SiO2 composite coating of mild steel. J of Alloys and Comp 654:561–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Punith Kumar MK, Venkatesha TV (2015) Fabrication of zinc-nano TiO2 composite films: electrochemical corrosion studies. J Chem Pharm Res 5(5):253–261Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fayomi OSI, Popoola API, Aigbodion VS (2015) Investigation on microstructural, anti-corrosion and mechanical properties of doped Zn–Al–SnO2 metal matrix composite coating on mild steel. J Alloys Compd 623:328–334. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ghaziof S, Gao W (2015) Mechanical and chemical properties of Zn-Ni-Al2O3 nanocomposite coatings. Int J Chem, Mol, Nucl, Mater Metall Eng 9(8):945–949Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fayomi OSI, Popoola API, Aigbodion VS (2014) Effect of thermal treatment on the interfacial reaction, microstructural and mechanical properties of Zn–Al–SnO2/TiO2 functional coating alloys. J Alloys Compd 617:455–463. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vaishaka R, Rao A, Hegde C, Udaya Bhat K (2013) Effect of heat treatment on structure and properties of multilayer Zn-Ni alloy coatings. J. Electrochem Sci Eng 3(4):137–149Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hammami O, Dhouibi L (2012) Patrice Berc¸ ElMustafa Rezrazi and Ezzeddine Triki Study of Zn-Ni alloy coatings modified by nano-SiO2 particles incorporation. Int J Corrosion 4:145–156Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Malatji N, Popoola API (2015) Electrodeposition of ternary Zn-Cr2O3-SiO2 nanocomposite coating on mild steel for extended applications. Int J Electrochem Sci 10:3988–4003Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bakhtiari A, Toroghinejad MR, Ashrafizadeh F (2014) The effect of zinc bath temperature on the morphology, texture and corrosion behaviour of industrially produced hot-dip galvanized coatings. Metall Mater Eng 20(1):41–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hassan SB and Aigbodion (2014) Effect coal ash on some refractory properties of alumino-silicate (Kankara) clay for furnace lining, Egypt J Basic Appl Sci 1 0 7–1 1 4Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sriraman KR, Strauss HW, Brahimi S, Chromik RR, Szpunar JA, Osborne JH, Yue S (2012) Tribological behavior of electrodeposited Zn, Zn–Ni, Cd and Cd–Ti coatings on low carbon steel substrates. Tribol Int 56:107–120. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vijayananda M, Elansezhian R (2014) Effect of different pretreatments and heat treatment on wear properties of electroless Ni-B coatings on 7075-T6 aluminum alloy. Procedia Engineering 97:1707–1717. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. I. Neife
    • 1
  • V. S. Aigbodion
    • 2
  • C. A. Mgbemene
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringFederal University Ndufu-Aliko IkwoIkwoNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

Personalised recommendations