Effect of swirling abrasives induced by a novel threaded nozzle in machining of CFRP composites

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

This paper attempts at investigation of the feasibility of imparting a swirling motion to abrasive particles by introducing internal threads in the nozzle. In this investigation, a novel internal threaded nozzle was introduced in the abrasive jet machine to make holes on the carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites with the objective of reducing the machining time. This is a unique attempt of its kind and this innovation has brought down the machining time considerably and, as a consequence, higher material removal rate was obtained. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites are inhomogeneous and coarse in nature, and hence, the ease of machining and the machining time are always challenging. A morphological study was also made using an optical microscope to find the kerf width and kerf angles. The effect of two different nozzles on machining time, material removal rate, and kerf analysis on the carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite was investigated. It was found that machining time was reduced by 92% with novel internal threaded nozzle. The nozzle with internal threads also reduced the kerf angle of the machined hole.

Keywords

Abrasive Jet Novel Thread Fluid Time Kerf Angle 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge the support rendered by Dr. T.G. Loganathan, Centre for Composite Fabrication and Testing, Department of Mechanical Engineering, R.M.K. College of Engineering and Technology, Puduvoyal, Tamilnadu for fabrication of composite laminates.

References

  1. 1.
    Balasubramaniam R, Krishnan J, Ramakrishnan N (2002) A study on the shape of the surface generated by abrasive jet machining. J Materials Processing Technol 121:102–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Venkatesh VC, Goh TN, Wong KH, Lim MJ (1989) An empirical study of parameters in abrasive jet machining. Int J Machine Tools Manufacturing 29(4):471–479.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0890-6955(89)90065-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balasubramaniam R (2000) An empirical study on the generation of an edge radius in abrasive jet external deburring (AJED). J Mater Process Technol 99(1-3):49–53.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00350-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Balasubramaniam R (2000) An experimental study on the abrasive jet deburring of cross-drilled holes. J Mater Process Technol 91:178–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Park D-S (2004) Micro-grooving of glass using micro-abrasive jet machining. J Mater Process Technol 146(2):234–240.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2003.11.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Srikanth DV, SreenivasaRao M (2014) Metal removal and kerf analysis in abrasive jet drilling of glass sheets. Procedia Materials Sci 6:1303–1311.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mspro.2014.07.109 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang RJ, Wang CY, Wen W, Wang J (2016) Experimental study on a micro-abrasive slurry jet for glass polishing. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 89(1-4):451–462.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-9109-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nouhi A, Kowsari K, Spelt JK, Papini M (2016) Abrasive jet machining of channels on highly-curved glass and PMMA surfaces. Wear 356-357:30–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2016.03.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Unde PD, Gayakwad MD, Patil NG, Pawade RS, Thakur DG, Brahmankar PK (2015) Experimental investigations into abrasive waterjet machining of carbon fiber reinforced plastic. J Composites 2015:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/971596 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dhanawade A, Kumar S, Kalmekar RV (2016) Abrasive water jet machining of carbon epoxy composite. Def Sci J 66(5):522–528.  https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.66.9501 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Che D, Saxena I, Han P, Guo P, Ehmann KF (2014) Machining of carbon fiber reinforced plastics /polymers: a literature review. J Manuf Sci Eng 136(3):034001–034022.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4026526 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shanmugam DK, Nguyen T, Wang J (2008) A study of delamination on graphite/epoxy composites in abrasive water jet machining. Compos Part A 39(6):923–929.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2008.04.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Deepak Doreswamy, Basavanna Shivamurthy, Devineni Anjaiah, Yagnesh Sharma N (2015) An investigation of abrasive water jet machining on graphite/glass/epoxy composite. International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering, 627218, 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/627218
  14. 14.
    Voit M, Reinhart G, Metzger T (2017) Experimental study on water jet cutting of unidirectional carbon fiber fabrics. Procedia CIRP 66:221–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Alberdi A, Artaza T, Suárez A, Rivero A, Girot F (2016) An experimental study on abrasive waterjet cutting of CFRP/Ti6Al4V stacks for drilling operations. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 86(1–4):691–704.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-015-8192-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang J (1999) Abrasive water jet machining of polymer matrix composites—cutting performance, erosive process and predictive models. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 15(10):757–768.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s001700050129 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Khodke PM, Tidke DJ, Ramarao AV (1996) An analytical model for material removal in abrasive jet machining for brittle materials. Mater Manuf Process 11(4):535–554.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10426919608947507 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Francis NK, Viswanadhan KG, Paulose MM (2015) Swirling abrasive fluidized bed machining:effect of process parameters on machining performance. Mater Manuf Process 30(7):852–857.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10426914.2014.973580 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Abhishek K, Hiremath SS (2016) Improvement of geometrical accuracy of micro holes machined through micro abrasive jet machining. Procedia CIRP 46:47–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.03.139 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nouhi A, Sookhak Lari MR, Spelt JK, Papini M (2015) Implementation of a shadow mask for direct writing in abrasive jetmicro-machining. J Mater Process Technol 223:232–239.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.04.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Madhu S, Balasubramanian M (2015) A review on abrasive jet machining process parameters. Appl Mech Mater 766-767:629–634.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.766-767.629 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang D, Liu L (2011) A study on speed of fluid in swirling abrasive jet nozzle and drilling hole performance. Adv Mater Res 291-294:3434–3439.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.291-294.3434 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Robinson Smart DS, Rufus DP, George L (2014) Experimental investigation of effect of rotary abrasive jet nozzle on coating removal rate and surface finish. Adv Mater Res 1043:165–171.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1043.165 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Li XH, Yang SC (2008) Mechanism research on the swirling air flow compounded with magnetic-field finishing. Adv Mater Res 53-54:51–55.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.53-54.51 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kim J-D, Kang Y-H, Bae Y-H, Lee S-W (1997) Development of a magnetic abrasive jet machining system for precision internal polishing of circular tubes. J Mater Process Technol 71(3):384–393.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(97)00103-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Box GEP, Hunter WH, Hunter JS (1978) Statistics for experimenters. John Wiley sons, New YorkMATHGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Srikanth DV, Sreenivasa Rao M, Seshu Kumar A (2015) Application of RSM for optimal response of process parameters on machining of CFRP composites by using AJM. Int J Modern Trends Engineering Res 2(7):1682–1689Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Singh S, Shrivas SP, Dewangan S (2015) Analysis the machining effect of CFRP material using AJM. J Harmonized Res 3(4):151–155Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Srikanth DV, Sreenivasa Rao M (2014) Response surface methodology for optimization of process parameters in abrasive jet drilling of composites. IOSR J Mechanical Civ Eng 11(3):20–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Arola D, Ramulu M (1996) A study of kerf characteristics in abrasive waterjet machining of graphie/epoxy composite. Transactions ASME 118(2):256–265Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Srikanth DV, Sreenivasa Rao M (2014) Machining of FRP composites by abrasive jet machining optimization using Taguchi. Int J Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic Manuf Eng 8(3):632–636Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hlavac LM, Hlavacova IM, Geryk V, Plancar S (2015) Investigation of the taper of kerfs cut in steels by AWJ. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 77(9–12):1811–1818.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-014-6578-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    El-Domiaty A, Abd El-Hafez HM, Shaker M (2009) Drilling of glass sheets by abrasive jet machining. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 56:61–67Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saveetha School of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  2. 2.R.M.K College of Engineering and TechnologyThiruvallurIndia

Personalised recommendations