A novel approach of springback analysis using a drawbead and a die shoulder database in sheet metal forming simulation

  • Takamichi Iwata
  • Noritoshi Iwata
Open Access


Springback in sheet metal forming is a deformation that occurs when a workpiece is released from dies after forming. Prediction of springback using the finite element method (FEM) has been used in the design of stamping dies. The present paper describes an effective approach by which to improve the accuracy of springback analysis, which can also suppress the increase in the calculation time. In general, FEM using the analysis condition to decrease discretization errors greatly increases the computation time. The proposed procedure is as follows: (1) Quick analysis using a large mesh size is performed. (2) Data mapping and morphology mapping for the forming results are then performed using the database based on a detailed partial analysis of the drawbead and the die shoulder. (3) Springback analysis is performed using the forming results modified by the data mapping and morphology mapping. A forming experiment was conducted to confirm that the proposed method using the database greatly improves the prediction accuracy of the shape after springback and also suppresses the increase in calculation time.


Sheet metal forming simulation Springback prediction Finite element method Drawing process 


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© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc.NagakuteJapan

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