Numerical and experimental study on the flow characteristics of abrasive slurry jet with polymer additives

  • Dachuan Feng
  • Lele Shi
  • Chuwen Guo
  • Fengchao Wang
  • Yueqiang Chen


Based on a refined mathematical model, the hydrodynamics of abrasive slurry jet (ASJ) was numerically investigated in consideration of the non-Newtonian rheological properties of the slurry. It is found that adding polymer has significant effects on the jet properties, such as axial velocity and abrasive volume fraction. The coherence length (L c) is proposed to measure the initial region of jet, where external air acts insignificantly on the axial velocity magnitude and thus the averaged kinetic energy is large. In the ASJ flow field, L c is increased after adding polymer additives, while reduced as the operating pressure (P 0) goes up. The prediction to the L c agrees well with the experimental results, with P 0 ranging from 1 to 16 MPa. Accordingly, an empirical formula is presented to describe the relationship between L c and P 0. The distinct characteristics of ASJ with polymer additives together with the verified length model of coherence region provides a qualitative and quantitative basis for the optimization of ASJ machining process, for instance, improving cutting efficiency and precision.


Abrasive slurry jet Non-Newtonian rheological property Abrasive particle distribution Coherence length 


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Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (grant number U1510113) and the Jiangsu College Postgraduate Research Innovation Plan Project of 2015 (grant number KYLX15_1419).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dachuan Feng
    • 1
  • Lele Shi
    • 1
  • Chuwen Guo
    • 1
  • Fengchao Wang
    • 1
  • Yueqiang Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Power EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

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