Kinematic modeling and deformation mechanics in shot peening of functional ceramics



The applications of functional ceramics are significantly limited by the brittleness and low reliability. Recent studies have shown that compressive residual stress can be created in ceramics by shot peening, which improves the contact strength and fatigue of ceramic components. However, the formation mechanism of residuals stress in shot peening is yet to understand. In this study, a pressure-dependent plasticity model has been incorporated into a finite element simulation model of shot peening to understand the process mechanism underpinning the residual stress formation. Since shot velocity is the key process parameter to dominate the impact energy which determines the deformation state of the peened surface and the resultant residual stress, a new kinematic model of shots has also been developed by incorporating air drag and travel distance inside and outside the peening nozzle. The results have shown that the shot velocity model can be used to predict shot velocity. The experiment-based model may help understand the process mechanism underpinning the residual stress formation.


Shot peening Residual stress Ceramics plasticity Almen intensity Finite element simulation 


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina
  3. 3.Institute for Advanced ManufacturingShandong University of TechnologyZiboChina

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