Heat source model for laser beam welding of steel-aluminum lap joints

  • Anton Evdokimov
  • Katrin Springer
  • Nikolay Doynov
  • Ralf Ossenbrink
  • Vesselin Michailov


In this study, a three-dimensional thermal conduction model based on the finite element analysis was established to predict a heat distribution during laser welding in overlap configuration of austenitic stainless steel 1.4301 and hardenable aluminum alloy 6016. A hybrid model based on two expanded curve-rotated volumetric heat sources is suggested to capture the complex weld geometry. Since thermal flow in the overlap area is a crucial part of the model, an analytic calculation of a thermal contact conductance between the plates and its subsequent implementation in the FE model through a superposition of two contact surfaces are described in details in this paper. Full thermal cycles, weld shapes, and thus mixing grades were successfully predicted by means of the developed model for different parameter combinations.


Laser welding Dissimilar joint Heat source model Finite element analysis Thermal simulation Weld shape 


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This research has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research in the Framework of the Photonic Research Germany under grant no. 13N12877.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton Evdokimov
    • 1
  • Katrin Springer
    • 1
  • Nikolay Doynov
    • 1
  • Ralf Ossenbrink
    • 1
  • Vesselin Michailov
    • 1
  1. 1.Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-SenftenbergCottbusGermany

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