Advertisement

The roughness characterization in cylinders obtained by conventional and flexible honing processes

  • Luciano José Arantes
  • Karina Alves Fernandes
  • Cristiano Rafael Schramm
  • José Eduardo Silveira Leal
  • Antônio Piratelli-Filho
  • Sinésio Domingues Franco
  • Rosenda Valdés Arencibia
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Crankcase cylinders of hermetic compressors are produced in large numbers for refrigerators of domestic use. They are, usually, machined by using a three-stage honing process (roughing, semi-finishing, and finishing), and for their characterization during the quality control, an evaluation of roughness is carried out. Although the roughness represents a peerless factor to characterize the honed surfaces, its implementation is a challenge for scientists and technicians in general due to the difficulty of detecting the difference between the surface finish on different honing stages. This paper assesses the roughness of parts obtained by flexible honing applied after conventional honing process by using a portable surface roughness tester and an interferometer in white light mode (chromatic length aberration—CLA). An extensive evaluation of roughness was made using several roughness parameters, graphics, and curves that include the following: roughness profile, topographies, amplitude parameters, Rk family parameters, volume, and feature parameters. The measurement uncertainty associated with all roughness parameters was estimated by applying the methods proposed in the JCGM 101. The results obtained after flexible honing were compared with those found in parts machined by conventional honing. This experimentation showed that flexible honing process when applied after the conventional honing provided an essential improvement of the surface finish and an increase of the repeatability and the quality of honed parts. The volume and the feature parameters can be used as alternative to appropriately characterizing honed surfaces, because they were able of detecting the changes caused on the surface by different stage of honing process.

Keywords

Silicon carbide flex honing tool Feature parameters Volume parameters Rk family 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Miller ML (1993) Flexible honing. A study of cylinder wall microstructure. Proceedings understanding. Basics honing, SME – Soc. Mech. Eng.;9.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barton G, Haasis K (1993) Characteristics of honing in: understanding the basics of honing. Soc Manuf Eng.;37.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anderberg C, Pawlus P, Rosén B-G, Thomas TR (2009) Alternative descriptions of roughness for cylinder liner production. J Mater Process Technol 209(4):1936–1942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Clark JR, Grant MB (1992) The effect of surface finish on component performance. Int J Mach Tools Manufact 32:37–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    International Organization for Standardization (1996) ISO 13565–2:1996 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) -- Surface texture: Profile method; Surfaces having stratified functional properties -- Part 2: Height characterization using the linear material ratio curve.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zipin RB (1990) Analysis of the Rk surface roughness parameter proposals. Precis Eng 12(2):106–108. doi: 10.1016/0141-6359(90)90036-X
  7. 7.
    Franco LA, Sinatora A (2015) 3D surface parameters (ISO 25178-2): actual meaning of Spk and its relationship to Vmp. Precis Eng 40:106–111. doi: 10.1016/j.precisioneng.2014.10.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Buj-Corral I, Vivancos-Calvet J (2011) Roughness variability in the honing process of steel cylinders with CBN metal bonded tools. Precis Eng 35(2):289–293. doi: 10.1016/j.precisioneng.2010.11.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pawlus P, Cieslak T, Mathia T (2009) The study of cylinder liner plateau honing process. J Mater Process Technol 209(20):6078–6086. doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2009.04.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bhushan B (2000) Modern tribology handbook. Volume 1. Chapter 2 surface roughness analysis and measurement techniques. CRC press. LLC. Boca Raton, Flórida, EUA, pp 49–120. ISBN 0-8493-8403-6.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chand M, Mehta A, Sharma R, Ojha VN, Chaudhary KP (2011) Roughness measurement using optical profiler with self-reference laser and stylus instrument — a comparative study. Indian J Pure Appl. Phys.;49(May):335–339.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Poon CY, Bhushan B (1995) Comparison of surface roughness measurements by stylus profiler, AFM and non-contact optical profiler. Wear 190(1):76–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vorburger TV, Rhee H-G, Renegar TB, Song J-F, Zheng A (2007) Comparison of optical and stylus methods for measurement of surface texture. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 33(1–2):110–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    BIPM, IEC, IFCC, ILAC, ISO, IUPAC, OIML (2008) Evaluation of measurement data — Supplement 1 to the “Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement” — Propagation of distributions using a Monte Carlo method. Evaluation. JCGM 101:2(September):90.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    International Organization for Standardization (1996) ISO 12085:1996 - Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) -- Surface texture: Profile method -- Motif parameters.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Haitjema H (1998) Uncertainty analysis of roughness standard calibration using stylus instruments. Precis Eng 22(97):110–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stout K, Sullivan P, Dong W, Mainsah E, Luo N, Mathia T, Zahouani H (1993) The development of methods for the characterisation of roughness in three dimensions. EUR(Luxembourg) 358.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schmitt C, Bähre D (2013) An approach to the calculation of process forces during the precision honing of small bores. Procedia CIRP 7:282–287. doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2013.05.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Blateyron F (2013) Characterisation of areal surface texture. Capter 2 area filed parameters. Pp 15–43.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Petzing, J, Coupland J, Leach RK (2010) The measurement of rough surface topography using coherence scanning interferometry.Guide 116.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciano José Arantes
    • 1
  • Karina Alves Fernandes
    • 1
  • Cristiano Rafael Schramm
    • 2
  • José Eduardo Silveira Leal
    • 1
  • Antônio Piratelli-Filho
    • 3
  • Sinésio Domingues Franco
    • 1
  • Rosenda Valdés Arencibia
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil
  2. 2.Whirlpool S.A–EmbracoJoinvilleBrazil
  3. 3.Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Campus Darcy RibeiroUniversity of BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil

Personalised recommendations