Smooth particle hydrodynamics study of surface defect machining for diamond turning of silicon

  • Amir Mir
  • Xichun LuoEmail author
  • Amir Siddiq
Open Access


This paper presents the feasibility study of potential application of recently developed surface defect machining (SDM) method in the fabrication of silicon and similar hard and brittle materials using smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulation approach. Simulation study of inverse parametric analysis was carried out to determine the Drucker-Prager (DP) constitutive model parameters of silicon by analysing the deformed material response behaviour using various DP model parameters. Indentation test simulations were carried out to perform inverse parametric study. SPH approach was exploited to machine silicon using conventional and surface defect machining method. To this end, we delve into opportunities of exploiting SDM through optimised machining quality, reduced machining time and lowering cost. The results of the conventional simulation were compared with the results of experimental diamond turning of silicon. In the SPH simulations, various types of surface defects were introduced on the workpiece prior to machining. Surface defects were equally distributed on the top face of the workpiece. The simulation study encompasses the investigation of chip formation, resultant machining forces, stresses and hydrostatic pressure with and without SDM. The study reveals the SDM process is an effective technique to manufacture hard and brittle materials as well as facilitate increased tool life. The study also divulges the importance of SPH evading the mesh distortion problem and offer natural chip formation during machining of hard and brittle materials.


Surface defect machining Diamond turning Silicon SPH 


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© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Precision Manufacturing, Department of Design, Manufacture and Engineering ManagementUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Department of Physical SciencesUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK

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