This paper proposes a new ecological joint production and maintenance policy, which considers an ecological aspect for a forecasting problem of unreliable manufacturing system subject to degradation. The manufacturing system is composed of a single machine producing one product type in order to satisfy a random demand under a given service level. On the other hand, the production system generates harmful emissions to the environment and may be sanctioned by an environmental tax. The objective of this paper is to propose an ecological production and maintenance policy (EPMP) optimization by calling a subcontracting in the context of a calling of tenders in order to satisfy the random demand and to decrease the carbon tax. In this context, we determine the economical production plan and the optimal maintenance strategy by defining a condition for the subcontracting cost in order to respect the EPMP optimization. To illustrate the highlight of the proposed policy, some numerical results are presented.
Manufacturing system Ecological policy Forecasting production Preventive maintenance Optimization Emission Carbon tax
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