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Residual stresses induced by honing processes on hardened steel cylinders

Abstract

In the present paper, residual stresses induced by honing processes on hardened steel cylinders were determined. Cubic boron nitride (CBN) abrasives were employed. Both surface measurements and depth profiles were obtained by means of XRD. SEM observations were performed on samples’ surface. Roughness and material removal rate were also measured. Compressive residual stresses, which are known to increase fatigue life of components, were reported both in the axial and in the tangential direction. Shearing stresses were negligible. If only rough honing is taken into account, as a general trend, the lower cutting conditions used, the higher surface stresses are. A similar situation was found when only semifinish or only finish honing is considered. In most cases studied, stress profiles similar to those obtained in grinding processes, in which compressive stresses decrease with depth, were observed. However, in rough honing at hard cutting conditions, a typical hook-shaped profile was found with maximum compressive stress at 80-μm depth. Such shape is usual in turning processes. In order to obtain high surface stresses a rough, semifinish or finish honing operation with low cutting conditions is recommended. However, if stresses are to be obtained at a certain depth, rough honing at high cutting conditions is to be selected.

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Correspondence to Irene Buj-Corral.

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Buj-Corral, I., Vivancos-Calvet, J., Setien, I. et al. Residual stresses induced by honing processes on hardened steel cylinders. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 88, 2321–2329 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-8870-3

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Keywords

  • Honing
  • Residual stresses
  • Abrasive stone
  • Cubic boron nitride