A modular structure data modeling method for generalized products

  • Hao Li
  • Yangjian JiEmail author
  • Guofu Luo
  • Shanghua Mi


Traditional product modeling methods mainly aim at physical products. However, with cloud manufacturing, the efficient management and utilization of big data under the support of cloud service platform are a challenge, and establishing a reasonable data model is the core of product life cycle data management for generalized products. Aiming at big data management of generalized product modules, the definition, description, and classification of general modules are given in this paper firstly. Then, modular master structure data models are built, including the composition of the generalized modular master structure, property description of generalized part variables, connection objects among the generalized parts, etc. Thirdly, modular instance structure data models of the generalized product are established, the formation process of the instance structure model is analyzed, and the structure mapping views in different phases of the product life cycle are also presented. Finally, based on the secondary development of a product life cycle management (PLM) system, the generalized product data models and the modular structure models of the transformer are carried out. The traditional integrated product models are enriched and improved so the demand of modular data management of generalized products is satisfied under the environment of cloud manufacturing.


Generalized product Product service system Physics module Service module Data modeling Big data 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Qi GN (2009) Four big pressure ecbolic manufacturing services. Manufac Inform Eng Chin 1:14–15Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lee J, Abuali M (2011) Innovative Product Advanced Service Systems (I-PASS): methodology, tools, and applications for dominant service design. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 52(9-12):1161–1173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li H, Ji YJ, Qi GN, Gu XJ, Tang RZ (2010) Connotation, theory and key technologies on the fusion of manufacturing and services. Comput Integr Manuf Syst 16(11):2521–2529Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li H, Ma J, Xiao Y Q, Luo G F (2011) Research on generalized product and its modularization process. Proceedings of ICSEM 2011, 22-23 Oct., Guiyang, China, pp290-293Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li H (2013) The key technologies of module partition and fusion for the generalized product. Dissertation, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tao F, Cheng Y, Zhang L, Nee A Y C (2015) Advanced manufacturing systems: socialization characteristics and trends. J Intell Manufac 1-16. DOI  10.1007/s10845-015-1042-8
  7. 7.
    Mont OK (2002) Clarifying the concept of product–service system. J Clean Prod 10(3):237–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tukker A (2013) Product services for a resource-efficient and circular economy—a review. J Clean Prod 97(15):76–91Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang F, Jiang P, Zhu Q, Cao W (2012) Modeling and analyzing of an enterprise collaboration network supported by service-oriented manufacturing. Proc Instit Mech Eng Part B: J Eng Manufac 226(9):1579–1593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tao F, Zhang L, Venkatesh V C, Luo Y, Cheng Y. (2011) Cloud manufacturing: a computing and service-oriented manufacturing model. Proc Institution Mech Eng, Part B: J Eng Manufac 0954405411405575Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tao F, Zhang L, Liu Y, Cheng Y, Wang L, Xu X (2015) Manufacturing service management in cloud manufacturing: overview and research directions. J Manufac Sci Eng-Trans ASME. doi: 10.1115/1.4030510 Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li J, Tao F, Cheng Y, Zhao LJ (2015) Big data in product data management. Int J Adv Manuf Technol. doi: 10.1007/s00170-015-7151-x Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Aurich JC, Fuchs C, Wagenknecht C (2006) Life cycle oriented design of technical product-service systems. J Clean Prod 14(17):1480–1494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jiao JX, Ma QH, Tseng MM (2003) Towards high value-added products and services mass customization and beyond. Technovation 23(10):809–821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sakao T, Shimomura Y, Sundin E, Comstock M (2009) Modeling design objects in CAD system for service/product engineering. Comput Aided Des 41(3):197–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tao F, Zuo Y, Da Xu L, Zhang L (2014) IoT-based intelligent perception and access of manufacturing resource toward cloud manufacturing. IEEE Trans Indust Inform 10(2):1547–1557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tao F, Lai Li Y, Xu L, Zhang L (2013) FC-PACO-RM: a parallel method for service composition optimal-selection in cloud manufacturing system. IEEE Trans Indust Inform 9(4):2023–2033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tao F, Feng Y, Zhang L, Liao TW (2014) CLPS-GA: a case library and Pareto solution-based hybrid genetic algorithm for energy-aware cloud service scheduling. Appl Soft Comput 19:264–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tao F, Zhao D, Hu Y, Zhou Z (2008) Resource service composition and its optimal-selection based on particle swarm optimization in manufacturing grid system. Indust Inform, IEEE Trans 4(4):315–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tao F, Cheng Y, Da Xu L, Zhang L, Li BH (2014) CCIoT-CMfg: cloud computing and Internet of things-based cloud manufacturing service system. Indust Inform, IEEE Trans 10(2):1435–1442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tong BS, Li MJ (2000) Product data management. Tsinghua University Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang HM, Xiong GL (2006) The product life cycle management in manufacturing enterprises. Tsinghua University Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gou JH, Peng YH, Ruan XY (2000) Product data model in product data management. J Shanghai Jiaotong Univ 34(3):404–407Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Eynard B, Gallet T, Roucoules L (2006) PDM system implementation based on UML. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 70(1): 330-342.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Saaksvuori A, Immonen A (2004) Product life cycle management. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fowler J (1995) STEP for data management, exchange and sharing. Technology Appraisals Ltd., BritainGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stark J, Yang QH, Yu N, Li RW (2008) Product life cycle management. China Machine Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yun XD (2010) Research on the analysis and application of integrated product meta model. Dissertation, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Schoettner J, Qi GN (2000) Product data management in manufacturing enterprises. China Machine Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Qi GN, Schoettner J, Gu XJ (2005) Figure interpretation for product data management. China Machine Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Schoettner J (2009) PDM/PLM seminar in Guilin. Report, GuilinGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Qi G N, Schoettner J (2010) Integrated product model and its application. Report, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yu JH (2002) Research and application on virtual product model for product lifecycle. Dissertation, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gu Q X (2006) Research on key technologies of configuration identification for product lifecycle. Dissertation, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Li X S(2007) Research on the implementation process and integrated product metal model of PLM. Dissertation, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hu H (2011) Key technologies of equipment maintenance status management for product lifecycle. Dissertation, Zhejiang UniversityGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pahl G, Beitz W (1996) Engineering design: a systematic approach. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Tong SZ (1999) The principle, method and application of modular design. China Standard Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Aoki M, AnTeng FK (2003) Modular era: the essence of the new industrial structure. Shanghai Far East Publishers, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Li H, Ji YJ, Gu XJ, Qi GN (2012) Module partition process model and method of integrated service product. Comput Ind 63(4):298–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Xu QL, Jiao JX (2009) Design project modularization for product families. J Mech Des 131(7):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electric EngineeringZhengzhou University of Light IndustryZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.Center of Industry Engineering, School of Mechanical EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations