Experimental and finite element simulation investigation of axial crushing of grooved thin-walled tubes

  • S. E. MirmohammadsadeghiEmail author
  • Kh. Khalili
  • S. Y. Ahmadi
  • S. J. Hosseinipour


Application of impact energy absorption systems in different industries especially in automotive industries as a solution to minimize the effect of impact onto the travelers and increasing car safety is especially significant. In order to increase the car security in accidents and incidents of cars, several efforts have been done by corporations. For this purpose, different energy absorption systems have been utilized. From all of them, thin-walled tubes due to lightness, high value of energy absorption capacity, long crushing length, and high ratio of energy absorption into weight have ever-increasing application as one of the effective energy absorption systems. In this research, by carrying out experiments and finite element simulations, crushing manner, energy absorption value, mean crushing load, and initial buckling load of grooved thin-walled tubes with different geometric dimensions have been investigated and compared. Simulation of tested specimens has been executed in three-dimensional model by explicit method. Experimental and simulation results have a correlation. Results demonstrate that crushing manner and absorbed energy value in axial crushing of grooved thin-walled tubes could be controlled by introducing different groove distances.


Energy absorption systems Axial crushing Grooved thin-walled tubes Finite element simulation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hosseinipour SJ, Daneshi GH (2003) Energy absorption and mean crushing load of thin-walled grooved tubes under axial compression. Thin-Walled Struct 41:31–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mirmohammadsadeghi SE, Hosseinipour SJ, Bakhshi M (2011) Axial crushing of grooved thin-walled tubes using experiments and finite element simulation. J Adv Mater Res 264–265:178–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daneshi GH, Hosseinipour SJ (2003) Grooves effect on crashworthiness characteristics of thin walled tubes under axial compression. Mater Des 23:611–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daneshi GH, Hosseinipour SJ (2002) Elastic–plastic theory for initial buckling load of thin-walled grooved tubes under axial compression. J Mater Process Technol 125–126:826–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hosseinipour SJ (2003) Mathematical model for thin-walled grooved tubes under axial compression. Mater Des 24:463–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mamalis AG (1983) The quasi-static crumpling of thin-walled circular cylinders and frusta under axial compression. Int J Mech Sci 25:713–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Reid SR (1993) Plastic deformation mechanisms in axially compressed metal tubes used as impact energy absorbers. Int J Mech Sci 35:1035–1052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nahas MN (1993) Impact energy dissipation characteristics of thin-walled cylinders. Thin-Walled Struct 15:81–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Toksoy AK, Guden M (2005) The strengthening effect of polystyrene foam filling in aluminum thin-walled cylindrical tubes. Thin-Walled Struct 43:333–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Aktay L, Kroplin BH, Toksoy AK, Guden M (2008) Finite element and coupled finite element/smooth particle hydrodynamics modeling of the quasi-static crushing of empty and foam-filled single, bitubular and constraint hexagonal- and square-packed aluminum tubes. Mater Des 29:952–962CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Qi W, Jin XL, Zhang XY (2006) Improvement of energy-absorbing structures of a commercial vehicle for crashworthiness using finite element method. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 30:1001–1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Papadakis L, Schober A, Zaeh MF (2013) Numerical investigation of the influence of preliminary manufacturing processes on the crash behavior of automotive body assemblies. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 65:867–880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Maruszewska WA, Dear JP (2006) Effect of contact geometry on compressive failure processes in sandwich structures. J Mater Sci 41:7165–7182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Johnson AF, Holzapfel M (2006) Numerical prediction of damage in composite structures from soft body impacts. J Mater Sci 41:6622–6630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Eyvazian A, Habibi MK, Hamouda AM, Hedayati R (2014) Axial crushing behavior and energy absorption efficiency of corrugated tubes. Mater Des 54:1028–1038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ma J, You Z (2014) Energy absorption of thin-walled square tubes with a prefolded origami pattern—part I: geometry and numerical simulation. J Appl Mech. doi: 10.1115/1.4024405 Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Song J, Chen Y, Lu G (2013) Light-weight thin-walled structures with patterned windows under axial crushing. Int J Mech Sci 66:239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Baumeister T, Avallone EA (1958) Mark’s standard handbook for mechanical engineers. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Mirmohammadsadeghi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kh. Khalili
    • 1
  • S. Y. Ahmadi
    • 1
  • S. J. Hosseinipour
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BirjandBirjandIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol University of TechnologyBabolIran

Personalised recommendations