This paper deals with the investigation on the potential of welding deformation’s prediction tool using linear thermal elastic numerical method. The weld-induced distortion was analyzed on combined butt and T-joints with thickness of 9 mm which is commonly applied in ship panel structure. In this research, the distortion behavior was predicted by means of a relatively new finite element (FEM) code developed by INPRO and ESI Group which utilizes shell elements in the numerical method to allow fast computational time. In order to verify the simulation results, a series of experiments using a fully automated welding process were carried out to measure the weld-induced distortions. By comparing the results between both methods, it can be summarized that the linear elastic FEM using this software is capable of predicting the distortion within minutes while providing a reasonable agreement with the experiments.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Long H, Gery D, Carlier A, Maropoulos PG (2009) Prediction of welding distortion in butt joint of thin plates. Mater Des 30:4126–4135
Bachorski A, Painter MJ, Smailes AJ, Wahab MA (1999) Finite-element prediction of distortion during gas metal arc welding using the shrinkage volume approach. J Mater Process Tech 92–93:405–409
Lu Y, Wu P, Zeng J, Wu X (2010) Numerical simulation of welding distortion using shrinkage force approach and application. Adv Mater Res 129–131:867–871
Deng D, Murakawa H, Wei L (2007) Numerical simulation of welding distortion in large structures. Comput Methods Appl Mech Engrg 196:4613–4627
Deng D, Murakawa H (2008) Prediction of welding distortion and residual stress in a thin plate butt-welded joint. Comput Mater Sci 43:353–365
Ridhwan M, Yupiter HPM, et al. (2010) Simulation study on angular distortion of multipass welding joint using sysweld, 2010 National Postgraduate Seminar, Shah Alam, Malaysia 532–540
Weman K, Lindén G (2006) MIG welding guide. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge
Slováček M, Kovarik J, Tejc J (2009) Using of welding virtual numerical simulation as the technical support for industrial, The 5th International Scientific-Professional Conference, Slavonski Brod, Croatia 75–82
Shahar M, Yupiter HPM, et al. (2010) Analysis of weld induced distortion of double sided T-joint using simulation and experimental study, Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Selangor, Malaysia 78–82
Dieter R (2002) Eigenspannungen und Verzug beim Schweiβen, DVS Verlag
Sathiya P, Aravindan S, Soundararajan R, Noorul Haq A (2009) Effect of shielding gases on mechanical and metallurgical properties of duplex stainless-steel welds. J Mater Sci 44:114–121
Prasad KS, Rao CS, Rao DN (2011) Prediction of weld bead geometry in plasma arc welding using factorial design approach. J Miner Mater Charact Eng 10:875–886
About this article
Cite this article
Manurung, Y.H.P., Sulaiman, M.S., Abas, S.K. et al. Investigation on welding distortion of combined butt and T-joints with 9-mm thickness using FEM and experiment. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 77, 775–782 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-014-6268-7