The heat sinks are utilized in electronic devices to eliminate heat from the chip and efficiently transmit it to the environment. Therefore, the optimal geometry sizes of fin heat sinks are the point of concern for manufacturers and designers. For this reason, the importance of optimization techniques particularly metaheuristics is understood. The design variables are width of heat sink, number of fins, fin height, and fin diameter. The various responses that have been considered are electromagnetic emitted radiations, thermal resistance, and mass of the heat sink investigated separately and simultaneously (multi-objective). Mine blast algorithm (MBA), as a recently developed optimizer, is inspired from explosion of mines. The optimum dimensions and values for each response have been obtained by the MBA and have been compared with other optimization methods in the literature. In terms of thermal resistance and mass responses, the MBA has offered better values, while for the emitted radiations, the obtained results obtained by Taguchi-based gray relational analysis (TGRA) was preferred. For manufacturing point of view, the MBA and TGRA both suggested better and efficient design. In addition, the value path analysis has been carried out to compare the trade-off among the considered responses. Finally, parametric sensitivity analyses have been implemented for design parameters, and discussions and comparisons have been carried out for the effects of each decision variable. By considering all responses, width of heat sink and fin height are considered as the most important and effective design parameters, respectively.
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Sadollah, A., Eskandar, H. & Kim, J.H. Geometry optimization of a cylindrical fin heat sink using mine blast algorithm. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 73, 795–804 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-014-5881-9