Skip to main content
Log in

Determination of process parameters in the laser micromilling application using Taguchi method: A case study for AISI H13 tool steel

  • Published:
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Laser micromilling technique is a thermal machining process which is used to remove material on the target geometry and has been widely employed in mold and die making industry. In this technique, the control factors of process such as scan speed, scan direction, frequency, and fill spacing play major affect on the surface quality. The selected quality characteristics are the mean surface roughness and milling depth. The main objective of this study is to determine the optimal milling conditions based on machining direction for minimizing the surface roughness and maximizing the milling depth. Therefore, L18 orthogonal array is constituted and subsequently signal/noise ratio and analysis of variance were employed to investigate the optimal levels of process parameters. The analysis results show that the scan speed has the highest effect on the surface roughness of which percentage contribution is 39.68% and also the beam scan direction and fill spacing have significant effects which contribute 19.67% and 16.09%, respectively. The experimental result for optimal condition is 2.23 μm. The results for milling depth show that only scan speed and fill spacing have significant effects which contribute 69.08% and 19.21%, respectively. Moreover, the scan direction has the least effect on the milling depth which can be neglected. The frequency has no effect on both surface roughness and milling depth. The result obtained from experiment at the optimal condition is 121.4 μm.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Chae J, Park SS, Freiheit T (2006) Investigation of micro-cutting operations. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 46:313–332

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Pham DT, Dimov SS, Ji C, Petkov PV, Dobrev T (2004) Laser milling as a ‘rapid’ micromanufacturing process. Proc Inst Mech Eng B J Eng Manuf 218(1):1–7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Dubey AKr, Yadava V (2008) Experimental study of Nd:YAG laser beam machining—an overview. J Mater Process Technol 195:15–26

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Slocombe A, Taufik A, Li L (2000) Diode laser ablation machining of 316 L stainless steel powder/polymer composite material: effect of powder geometry. Appl Surf Sci 168:17–20

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Campanelli SL, Ludovico AD, Bonserio C, Cavalluzzi P, Cinquepalmi M (2007) Experimental analysis of the laser milling process parameters. J Mater Process Technol 191:220–223

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Quintino L, Costa A, Miranda R, Yapp D, Kumar V, Kong CJ (2007) Welding with high power fiber lasers—a preliminary study. Mater Des 28:1231–1237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lee JH, Jang JH, Joo BD, Son YM, Moon YH (2009) Laser surface hardening of AISI H13 tool steel. Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 19:917–920

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Meng H, Liao J, Zhou Y, Zhang Q (2009) Laser micro-processing of cardiovascular stent with fiber laser cutting system. Opt Laser Technol 41:300–302

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Singh R, Alberts MJ, Melkote SN (2008) Characterization and prediction of the heat-affected zone in a laser-assisted mechanical micromachining process. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 48:994–1004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Wendland J, Harrison PM, Henry M, Brownell M (2005) Deep engraving of metals for the automotive sector using high average power diode pumped solid state lasers. International Congress on Application of Lasers and Electro-optics, Miami

  11. Harrison PM, Henry M, Wendland J (2005) High speed processing applications of high average power diode pumped solid state lasers. Proceedings of the Third International WLT-Conference on Lasers in Manufacturing, Munich, June

  12. Yang WH, Tarng YS (1998) Design optimization of cutting parameters for turning operations based on the Taguchi method. J Mater Process Technol 84:122–129

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Lin YC, Chen YF, Wang DA, Ho-Shiun L (2009) Optimization of machining parameters in magnetic force assisted EDM based on Taguchi method. J Mater Process Technol 209:3374–3383

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Savaş Ö, Kayıkçı R (2007) Application of Taguchi’s methods to investigate some factors affecting microporosity formation in A360 aluminium alloy casting. Mater Des 28:2224–2228

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. He X, Yu Z, Lai X (2009) Robust parameters control methodology of microstructure for heavy forgings based on Taguchi method. Mater Des 30:2084–2089

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Puertas I, Luis CJ (2003) A study on the machining parameters optimisation of electrical discharge machining. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 143–144:521–526

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Şefika Kasman.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kasman, Ş., Saklakoglu, I.E. Determination of process parameters in the laser micromilling application using Taguchi method: A case study for AISI H13 tool steel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 58, 201–209 (2012).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: