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Modeling and analysis of the effects of machining parameters on the performance characteristics in the EDM process of Al2O3+TiC mixed ceramic

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Electric discharge machining (EDM) has achieved remarkable success in the manufacture of conductive ceramic materials for the modern metal industry. Mathematical models are proposed for the modeling and analysis of the effects of machining parameters on the performance characteristics in the EDM process of Al2O3+TiC mixed ceramic which are developed using the response surface methodology (RSM) to explain the influences of four machining parameters (the discharge current, pulse on time, duty factor and open discharge voltage) on the performance characteristics of the material removal rate (MRR), electrode wear ratio (EWR), and surface roughness (SR). The experiment plan adopts the centered central composite design (CCD). The separable influence of individual machining parameters and the interaction between these parameters are also investigated by using analysis of variance (ANOVA). This study highlights the development of mathematical models for investigating the influences of machining parameters on performance characteristics and the proposed mathematical models in this study have proven to fit and predict values of performance characteristics close to those readings recorded experimentally with a 95% confidence interval. Results show that the main two significant factors on the value of the material removal rate (MRR) are the discharge current and the duty factor. The discharge current and the pulse on time also have statistical significance on both the value of the electrode wear ratio (EWR) and the surface roughness (SR).

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Correspondence to Ko-Ta Chiang.

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Chiang, KT. Modeling and analysis of the effects of machining parameters on the performance characteristics in the EDM process of Al2O3+TiC mixed ceramic. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 37, 523–533 (2008).

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