Modeling and analysis of white layer depth in a wire-cut EDM process through response surface methodology

  • A.B. PuriEmail author
  • B. Bhattacharyya
Original Article


A white layer is considered a major flaw on a workpiece surface machined with wire-cut electrical discharge machining (WEDM). In this paper, an attempt has been made to model the white layer depth through response surface methodology (RSM) in a WEDM process comprising a rough cut followed by a trim cut. An experimental plan for rotatable central composite design of second order involving four variables with five levels has been employed to carry out the experimental investigation and subsequently to establish the mathematical model correlating the input process parameters with the response. Pulse on time during rough cutting, pulse on time, wire tool offset, and constant cutting speed during trim cutting are considered the dominant input process parameters whilst the white layer depth is the response. An insignificant “lack of fit” term indicated a curve with a good fit. Also, an extensive analysis of the influences of all the individual input parameters on the response has been carried out and presented in this research study.


RSM Trim cutting WEDM  White layer depth  


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Eng. Dept.NeristNirjuliIndia
  2. 2.Production Eng. Dept.Jadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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