Remittances and educational outcomes: a regional investigation for Moldova
This paper looks at the relationship between remittances and higher education in Moldovan regions. The objective is to test whether remittances are associated with an increase in the likelihood of attending higher education institutions by taking into account a possible disruptive effect of migration and looking for regional differences in this relationship. Findings show that, on average, remittances are associated with a 5.4 percentage point increase in the likelihood that young individuals will pursue higher education. Nonetheless, this result is widely heterogeneous across regions.
JEL ClassificationI21 F22 F24 R10
We deeply acknowledge the Kiel Institute for the World Economy for providing the database. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2010-2.2-1) under Grant Agreement no. 266834. We also express our gratitude for the support received from Spain’s Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (VI Plan Nacional de Investigación Científica, Desarrollo e Innovación Tecnológica 2008–2011) through the action ECO2013-41022-R.
- Davidson R, MacKinnon JG (1993) Estimation and inference in econometrics. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Hanson G, Woodruff C (2003) Emigration and educational attainment in Mexico. Int Migr Rev 36:746–765Google Scholar
- Lopez-Cordova E (2005) Globalization, migration and development: the role of Mexican migrant remittances. J Lat Am Caribb Econ Assoc 6:217–256Google Scholar
- Lücke M, Omar Mahmoud T, Pinger P (2007) Patterns and trends of migration and remittances in Moldova. International Organization for Migration (IOM) reportGoogle Scholar
- Lücke M, Omar Mahmoud T, Steinmayr A (2009) Labor migration and remittances in Moldova: is the boom over? International Organization for Migration (IOM) reportGoogle Scholar
- Mc Kenzie DC, Rapoport H (2006) Migration and education inequality in rural Mexico, INTAL-ITD. Working paper No. 23. Inter-American Development Bank, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
- Orrenius PM, Zavodny M, Canas Z, Coronado L (2010) Do remittances boost economic development? Evidence from Mexican states. Law Bus Rev Am 16:803–822Google Scholar
- Piracha M, Saraogi A (2015) Remittances and migration intentions of the left-behind. Migr Dev. doi: 10.1080/21632324.2015.1129691
- World Bank. Indicators online: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator