The Annals of Regional Science

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 153–176 | Cite as

Economic impact assessment of alternative European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) options with the application of the GMR-Turkey model

  • Attila VargaEmail author
  • Mete Basar Baypinar
Original Paper


This paper applies the GMR-Turkey policy impact model to estimate the likely regional effects of a selected set of policies suggested in the European Neighborhood Policy literature. We grouped the policy suggestions into two alternative sets of measures, which became the bases of two alternative scenarios of regional economic development, the Conservative scenario and the Technology- and innovation-based development scenario. Our results suggest that a persistent and systematic long-term regional technology development-based economic policy which applies measures such as investment, education and R&D support, promotion of better connectedness to EU research networks and increased physical accessibility to developed markets could in the longer run result in higher levels of regional and national production together with decreasing interregional differences than a scenario supporting the expansion of traditional industries in the region.

JEL Classification

O31 H41 O40 



We would like to thank Orsolya Hau-Horváth, Péter Járosi, Tamás Sebestyén, Áron Kovács, Dániel Kehl and Gallusz Abaligeti for helping us in running simulations and adjusting model capabilities, two anonymous referees, Ed Bergman and Alpay Filiztekin for excellent comments on an earlier version of the paper and Alessia Matano and Raul Ramos for very useful suggestions on a specific literature. The present scientific contribution is dedicated to the 650th anniversary of the foundation of the University of Pécs, Hungary.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and Econometrics, Faculty of Business and EconomicsUniversity of PécsPécsHungary
  2. 2.MTA-PTE Innovation and Economic Growth Research Group, Faculty of Business and EconomicsUniversity of PécsPécsHungary
  3. 3.Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Regional Planning Division, Faculty of ArchitectureIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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