Skip to main content

Japan and economic integration in East Asia: post-disaster scenario


As regional integration proceeds in East Asia, intermediate goods production of advanced technology has been locked in Japan despite the dispersion forces of high factor costs. However, the disastrous earthquake in 2011 may have revealed supply chain disruption risk as another dispersion force. We analyze how these dispersion forces affect the specialization in intermediate goods production of Japan and discuss future competitive challenges for the Japanese economy under deindustrialization from the spatial economics viewpoint.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  • Aoki M (1990) Toward an economic model of the Japanese firm. J Econ Lit 28(1): 1–27

    Google Scholar 

  • Athukorala P-C, Yamashita N (2006) Production fragmentation and trade integration: East Asia in a global context. North Am J Econ Finance 17(3): 233–256

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Belderbos R, Carree M (2002) The location of Japanese investment in China: agglomeration effects, Keiretsu, and firm heterogeneity. J Jpn Int Econ 16(2): 194–211

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Berliant M, Fujita M (2008) Knowledge creation as a square dance on the Hilbert cube. Int Econ Rev 49(4): 1251–1295

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Carlin W, Soskice D (2009) German economic performance: disentangling the role of supply-side reforms, macroeconomic policy and coordinated economy institutions. Socio Econ Rev 7: 67–99

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dean JM, Fung KC, Wang Z (2011) Measuring vertical specialization: the case of China. Rev Int Econ 19(4): 609–625

    Google Scholar 

  • Depaere P, Lee J, Paik M (2010) Agglomeration, backward and forward linkages: evidence from South Korean investment in China. Can J Econ 43(2): 520–546

    Google Scholar 

  • Fujita M (2007) Globalization, regional integration and spatial economics: an introduction. In: Fujita M (eds) Regional integration in East Asia—from the viewpoint of spatial economics. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 1–20

    Google Scholar 

  • Fujita M, Hamaguchi N (2010) Regional integration of production system and spatial income disparities in East Asia. In: Jovanovic M (eds) International handbook on the economics of integration, vol 2. Edward Elgar, Chalterham, pp 242–261

    Google Scholar 

  • Fujita M, Thisse J-F (2002) Economics of agglomeration: cities, industrial location, and regional growth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Fujita M, Thisse J-F (2006) Globalization and the evolution of the supply chain: who gains and who loses. Int Econ Rev 47(3): 811–836

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fujita M, Krugman P, Venables AJ (1999) The spatial economy-cities, regions, and international trade. MIT Press, Massachusetts

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamaguchi N, Zhao W (2011) Economic integration and regional disparities in East Asia. In: Fujita M, Kuroiwa I, Kumagai S (eds) The economics of East Asian integration: a comprehensive introduction to regional issues. Edward Elgar, Chalterham

    Google Scholar 

  • Kimura F, Ando M (2005) Two-dimension fragmentation in East Asia: conceptual framework and empirics. Int Rev Econ Finance 14(3): 317–348

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kojima K (2000) The “flying geese” model of Asian economic development: origin, theoretical extensions, and regional policy implications. J Asian Econ 11: 375–401

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • METI, Results of an emergency survey on the actual status of industries after the great East Japan earthquake

  • Miller E (1977) Risk, uncertainty, and divergence of opinion. J Finance 32: 1151–1168

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sheffi Y, Rice JB Jr (2005) A supply chain view of the resilient enterprises. MIT Sloan Manag Rev 47(1): 41–48

    Google Scholar 

  • Wakasugi R (2005) The effect of Chinese regional conditions on the location choice of Japanese affiliates. Jpn Econ Rev 565(4): 390–407

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wakasugi R, Ito B, Tomiura E (2008) Offshoring and trade in East Asia: a statistical analysis. Asian Econ Pap 7(3): 101–124

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Nobuaki Hamaguchi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fujita, M., Hamaguchi, N. Japan and economic integration in East Asia: post-disaster scenario. Ann Reg Sci 48, 485–500 (2012).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

JEL Classification

  • F15
  • R11
  • O53